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[MISSION 2023] SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 5 October 2022

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

1. Jal Jeevan Mission has shown a lot of inter-state disparities in providing access to safe and adequate drinking water to all. A renewed focus towards addressing the disparities and creation of long-lasting infrastructure is of utmost importance. Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

One of the most significant commitments of the Narendra Modi government is to ensure piped water to every rural household by 2024. Under the Jal Jeevan Mission, led by the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation, 10.2 crore rural households, or about 53% of the eligible population, now have tap water access.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the shortcomings of Jal Jeevan Mission and suggest measures to improve its performance.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about the aims and objectives of Jal Jeevan Mission.

Body:

First, write about the various achievements of Jal Jeevan Mission. Substantiate with facts and figures.

Next, write about the various shortcomings of Jal Jeevan Mission in ensuring availability of safe drinking water.

Next, suggest ways to overcome the limitations.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2. To meet India’s healthcare challenges and transform it into a world leader in the field in the next 25 years, we must act now to transform education, expand care and research. Discuss.

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The Covid-19 pandemic has shown the world our capability to handle mega problems. With good leadership and active community participation we became self-sufficient in terms of PPE, ventilators and vaccines.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the healthcare challenges and ways to overcome it.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a statistic related to the current state of healthcare in India.

Body:

First, write about the various issues in the healthcare system of the country and substantiate with facts and examples.

Next, write about the measures that are needed to address the above issues in order to make India as a world leader in global healthcare.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Role of civil services in a democracy.

3. India is rapidly integrating technology in both governance and in delivering goods and services. All this requires a civil servant who is not just committed but also has the competence to deliver on this evolving mandate. Elaborate.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The civil services have remained at the epicentre of all government activities in India, both as agents of policymaking as well as the executive hand that delivers and implements those policies. This unique moment of Amrit Mahotsav is the appropriate time for the civil services to pause, reflect and strategise on the approaches needed to shape its future. People-centric governance is no longer aspirational but is rapidly becoming the national imperative.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the need of competent and committed civil servants to achieve good governance and ways to do so.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write in detail about the various issues in the Indian Civil service and how it is adversely impacting the governance.

Next, write about the importance of competence and commitment in civil servants and how this will lead to achievement of good governance.

Next, write about the ways to achieve the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

4. Write a short note on various measures taken to reform capital markets. What are the current issues in the capital market of the country? Suggest possible reforms for the same.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about capital market reforms, present issues and possible solutions to them.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context about the capital markets.

Body:

First, in brief, write about the importance of capital market in the country’s economy.

Next, write about various measures taken in the past to reform the capital markets – The Narasimham Committee (1991), SEBI, Credit Rating etc.

Next, write about the present issues in the capital market in the country and suggest possible measures to resolve them.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. Discuss the importance of money market to the economy of India. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about importance of money markets.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining money markets.

Body:

Write about the importance of money market for India’s economy – Development of Trade and Industry, Development Of Capital Market, Smooth Functioning of Commercial Banks, Formulation Of Suitable Monetary Policy etc. Cite statistics to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Moral wounds have this peculiarity – they may be hidden, but they never close; always painful, always ready to bleed when touched, they remain fresh and open in the heart.” ― Alexandre Dumas

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about as to what you understand by moral wounds and how they are manifested. Mention about how they do not heal – as loss of morality can never be compensated. Cite examples.

Next, suggest ways to heal moral wounds to an extent.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“It is not enough to have a good mind; the main thing is to use it well.” ― Descartes

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about how not having a good mind is enough as it will lead to no action. It is necessary to put that good mind to create a better society. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.


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