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What do you understand by genome sequencing? What is its importance? Explain the IndiGen Genome project.

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

5. What do you understand by genome sequencing? What is its importance? Explain the IndiGen Genome project. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India/

Why the question:

The 2022 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine has been awarded to Swedish geneticist Svante Pääbo for his research in the field of genomes of extinct hominins and human evolution. Dr. Svante Pääbo had published the first Neanderthal genome sequence in 2010.

Key Demand of the question: 

To write about genome sequencing, its significance and IndiGen project.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with a defining genome sequencing.

Body:

Firstly, in brief, explain the process of genome sequencing.

Next, write about the advantages offered by the genome sequencing. Cite the recent Nobel prize for Medicine was based on genome sequencing.

Next, write about the aims and objectives and IndiGen project as well as steps taken so fr in this regard.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.