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A special emphasis Early Childhood Care & Education (ECCE) can yield durable gains for children and society. Elaborate.

Topic: Social empowerment

1. A special emphasis Early Childhood Care & Education (ECCE) can yield durable gains for children and society. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Live MintInsights on India

Why the question:

In 1992, India ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, which called for its signatories to “ensure to the maximum extent possible the survival and development of the child”. However, with only 1 in 4 Indian children developmentally on track in the literacy-numeracy domain, and about 35% of those under the age of 5 years malnourished, much remains to be done in the field of early childcare.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about importance of ECCE in the overall development of Children.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning that the three years of ECCE and early primary grades (Classes 1 and 2) are proposed as a continuum of learning and referred to as the foundational stage of school.

Body:

First, mention that ECCE should be based on the Child’s development context and varies with their background and therefore ECCE only gives a framework rather than a detailed step-by-step procedure.

Next, bring out the various benefits such as development of cognitive, motor skills and learning abilities of children exposed to early learning promoting school retentions in the later years of their lives.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that the present Anganwadi schools in rural areas and pre schools in urban areas  may be channelised to promote Early education in Children.