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National Education Policy prescribes no language

GS paper 2

Syllabus: Issues related to the development of the social sector involving education


Source: The Hindu

Context: The Ministry of Education constituted a high-powered committee, the Bharatiya Bhasha Samiti for the promotion of Indian languages.


Objective of the committee:

  • Preparing an action plan: For the growth of Indian languages as prescribed under the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020.


Key focus areas for promoting Indian languages:

  • Bilingual: Prepare teachers to be bilingual.
  • Qualification: Incorporating languages as a qualification.


Needs for the development of a language:

  • Using it as a medium: For instruction or communication or entertainment or science and technology
  • Developing contemporary literature or content: Such as current developments, thoughts or daily creation of knowledge globally in Indian languages
  • New words generation: Need for a continuous process of generation of new words
  • Technology: Languages adapt to technology as 2,000 to 3,000 languages that didn’t adapt to print technology disappeared
  • Material: Teaching and learning material
  • Patronage: which can be from corporates, society and governments.


How will it create Job opportunities?

  • Communication in local language: Multinationals as well as corporates and governments need to communicate in local languages in order to increase their reach.
    • Only 10.4(ten points four)% know English.
  • Interpreters: Need for interpreters
  • Translators: In tourism, there will be a need for translators
  • Technology tools: such as apps are now being developed in local languages which will open more avenues.


Power of states:

  • There is flexibility given to States to choose the languages under the three-language formula.


Push for Sanskrit:

  • NEP: Push through NEP
  • The Central Sanskrit University: It will be developing simple, standard Sanskrit which can be used as a medium of instruction and communication.
  • Sanskrit Knowledge Systems: Reservoir of knowledge in Sanskrit texts, which will be researched and published and made accessible.


Insta Links:

NEP 2020


Mains Link:

Q. National Electronic Policy 2020 is in conformity with Sustainable Development Goals-4 (2030). It intended to restructure and re-orient the education system in India. Critically examine the statement. (UPSC 2020)


Prelims Links:

  • NEP
  • SDG4
  • Regional Languages

With reference to National Education Policy(NEP) 2020, consider the following statements:

  1. The NEP proposes three language policy to continue with a preference for local language up to class 5.
  2. There is no proposal to cap fees charged by private institutions of higher learning.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only

b. 2 only

c. Both 1 and 2

d. Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: (d)