Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.
6. India has made impressive progress towards clean energy. It has, however, a long way to go before it can fully wean itself off fossil fuels. During this transitional phase, natural gas producers should be granted unfettered marketing and pricing freedom. Examine. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Why the question:
India has natural gas reserves. Of that, there is no doubt. IHS CERA has estimated India has undiscovered gas resources of approximately 64 TCF. The bulk of this is, however, in harsh topography and complex geology. These reserves are difficult to locate.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about significance of natural gas of India’s energy security and clean energy transition.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Structure of the answer:
Start with a brief background of the context in the question.
Firstly, write about the potential and importance natural gas for India for its energy security especially in the wake of rising global supply chain disruptions.
Next, write about the role natural gas can play in energy transition of India towards clean energy.
Next, write about the shortcomings of natural gas.
Conclude by writing a way forward to sustainably and strategically harness clean energy.