Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
2. In the changing global situation and rising global issues, Gandhi’s vision may be the panacea for the planet. Critically examine. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Reference: Live Mint , The Hindu
Why the question:
Mahatma Gandhi was attentive of the fact that world peace is not possible without the spiritual growth of humanity. So far, the 22 years of the 21st century have not been peaceful. Russia’s invasion of Ukraine represents the biggest threat to peace in the world since the end of the Cold War.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the importance and present day relevance of Gandhian thought and ideas as well as their limitations.
Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by giving a brief orientation to Gandhian vision.
First, write about the key features of the Gandhian core philosophy.
Next, write about the ways in which Gandhian ideals and teachings could be applied to present day global politics and they could be used to solve major global issues. Substantiate with examples.
Next, write about the shortcomings of Gandhian philosophy.
Conclude by summarising the importance of Gandhian philosophy.