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As India ages, keeping an eye on the elderly

GS paper 2

Syllabus: Mechanism, laws and institutions for protection and betterment of vulnerable sections of society etc

 

Directions: Important for mains, you can use it as a measure taken to protect elderly Population in India.

Source: The Hindu

 

Context:

  • The United Nations marks today as International Day for Older Persons (October 1), as part of the organization’s efforts to draw attention to healthy ageing.

 

UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA), “World Population Prospects 2022:

  • People over 65 years: 16% of the world population by 2050 is expected to be made up of people over 65 years.
  • Most populous country: The report projects India’s population to be 7(one point seven)billion by 2050, having overtaken China to be the world’s most populous country.

 

Issues Involved:

  • The prevalence of non-communicable diseases: such as diabetes, hypertension and heart disease etc is higher among the elderly.
  • Public health system: The change in demographic structure will increase the pressure on public health systems that are not geared to deliver universal health care.
  • The Hyderabad Ocular Morbidity in the Elderly Study (HOMES): Over 30% of the elderly in the study had distance vision loss and over 50% had near vision impairment (they needed reading glasses).
    • The study also explored the many links between vision impairment and an elderly person’s mental health and confidence.
  • People with impaired vision: They have greater fear, and risk, of falling (a major cause of disability and hospitalization among the elderly).

 

Why is eye care at the forefront?

  • Cutting edge of imaging technologies and tele-health: Creating portable devices and apps that remove access issues for those who cannot travel far.
  • Cross-subsidy models: Eye health in India has many cross-subsidy models to help alleviate the financial burden on individuals.

 

Way forward:

  • Eye care can catalyze a model of elderly care: A package of interventions, including assistive devices for sight, hearing, and mobility, or referrals to psychiatric support for depression or other mental health issues.
  • Primary care to be accessible: The future of elderly care needs to be long term, comprehensive, and integrated, and must be oriented towards primary care to be accessible.
  • Financial status: All kinds of socio-economic realities, working to ensure that no elderly person is denied care irrespective of their financial status.

 

Insta Links:

Issues related to Elderly People

old age care

World Population Prospects

 

Mains Links:

Q. Despite Consistent experience of high growth, India still goes with the lowest indicators of human development. Examine the issues that make balanced and inclusive development elusive. (UPSC 2021)

 

Prelims Links:

World population Prospects report

UN Economic and social council

UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA)

Which of the following is/are the principal UN organs?

  1. UN Security Council
  2. The Economic and Social Council
  3.  The Trusteeship Council and the Secretariat
  4. World Health Organization (WHO)

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

a. 1, 2 and 3 only

b. 2, 3 and 4 only

c. 1 and 2 only

d. 1, 2, 3 and 4

Ans: (a)

Justification:

  • The United Nations (UN) has six main organs:
    • The General Assembly
    • The Security Council
    • The Economic and Social Council
    • The Trusteeship Council
    • The International Court of Justice