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[MISSION 2023] SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 29 September 2022

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

1. The increase in urban population across India has led to changes in land use without considering natural land contours and weather patterns. The need of the hour are sustainable cities, which can mitigate the impact of urban settlements Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

The first two weeks of September saw parts of India’s startup hub, Bengaluru, submerged under water. Excessive rainfall in a La Nina year, coupled with urban expansion built over natural water pools (lakes) resulted in multiple low-lying areas seeing several feet of waterlogging.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the impact of rampant changes in land use policies and need to have sustainable cities.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write the impacts of increasing urban population and resulting changes in land use patterns. Cite statistic and examples to substantiate the points.

Next, write about the remedies for the above-mentioned problem which will result making Indian cities more sustainable and resilient to vagaries of climate change.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward to overcome the above.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations.

2. From the Indian perspective, discuss the relevance of ‘no harm rule’ in order to promote environmental and developmental policies while not causing damage to the environment of neighbouring countries or of areas beyond the limits of national jurisdiction.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

With the devastating effects of climate change visible, riparian states across the world must comply with all the procedural duties pursuant to the ‘no harm rule’

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the relevance of ‘no harm rule’ to promote environmental policies and preventing damage.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining ‘no harm rule’

Body:

First, write about the aims and features of the ‘no harm rule’.

Next, write about the ways ‘no harm rule’ has resulted in a country’s sovereign right to exploit their own resources pursuant to their own environmental and developmental policies, and the responsibility to ensure that activities within their jurisdiction or control do not cause damage to the environment of other States or of areas beyond the limits of national jurisdiction.

Next, write about limitations of the ‘no harm rule’.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward in order to deal with the present changes.

 

Topic:  Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

3. India and Russia have to navigate a complex geopolitical landscape while deepening ties. Comment in the light of recent developments. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus (Revision) of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the changes in Indio-Russian relations in the recent past in the light of changing geo-political developments.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of ‘all weather’ friendship between India and Russia.

Body:

In the first part, Highlight the strength of the relationship – Special and Privileged Strategic Partnership, the long history, defence partnership, nuclear power plants etc.

Next, bring out the issues in the relationship by dividing them into geopolitical, geostrategic and at bilateral level – Russia-Pakistan, Russia-China, and USA-India, Changes in Afghanistan, Ukraine war and issues emanating from them.

Discuss how should India and Russia navigate the tides moving forward.

Conclusion:

Conclude by commenting on their current nature of evergreen friendship.

 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

4.  India and EU should not let divergence of views on some issues overwhelm the convergence of views on other areas. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why this question:

The question is part of the static syllabus (Revision) of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the need for great cooperation between India-EU in critical areas and ways to achieve it.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with brief background of the context of the question.

Body:

Explain first that after limited economic gains from its FTAs with Asian partners, India is reassessing its FTA options. While a good beginning has been made with the UK, India must also renegotiate with the EU—the bloc is very important for India as far as trade relations are concerned, and an FTA with the EU is, thus, based on sound reasoning.

Discuss that FTAs need to be designed in a manner that they enhance complementarities amongst partners and overcome regulatory hurdles that inhibit trade. Account for potential of India –EU trade relations.

Present the challenges before India in realizing this potential.

Conclusion:

Suggest way forward and conclude.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

5. The Chief of Defence staff (CDS) is responsible not only for integration of the armed forces but also for solving issues in planning, budgeting and force structuring for a military based on a coherent strategic vision. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The Government on Wednesday, September 28, 2022, appointed former Eastern Army Commander Lt. General Anil Chauhan as the next Chief of Defence Staff (CDS). The post has been vacant since the death of the country’s first CDS Gen. Bipin Rawat in a helicopter crash in December 2021.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of CDS to the nation’s security

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning the rationale behind creation of the post of CDS.

Body:

In the first part, He will be the single-point military adviser to the government as suggested by the Kargil Review Committee in 1999.

Next, mention the roles and responsibilities of CDS – oversees and coordinates the working of the three Services. The charter of the CDS, if implemented properly, will prepare the 15-lakh strong armed forces for the wars of the future. The CDS is mandated to ensure the Army, Navy and IAF, which often pull in different directions, truly integrate to slash wasteful expenditure amidst the ongoing severe fund crunch for military modernization because of the ballooning pay and pension bills.

Next, write about the various limitations associated with CDS in its shorts existence and steps needed to overcome them.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stressing on the need of CDS to make India ready for new generation warfare.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour;

6. The prevalence of various addictions among young people in the nation is rising. Mention compassionate strategies to stop this trend. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about taking empathetic approach towards de-addiction.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of rising forms of addictions – drugs, gaming, alcohol, social media etc.

Body:

First, bring out the adverse impact of addictions in brief.

Next, write about empathetic approach towards de-addiction – breaking the stigma, persuading, care ethics, compassionate support, follow up etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing about saving the youth from various addictions.

 

Topic: challenges of corruption.

7. Is whistleblowing ethically justified? Debate. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of whistleblowing.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining whistleblowing.

Body:

Explain What are the moral and ethical justification of whistleblowing – whistleblowing is morally required when it is required at all; people have a moral obligation to prevent serious harm to others if they can do so with little costs to themselves. Mention how it prevents corruption. Give examples to justify your points.

Conclusion:

Complete the answer by summarising its importance.


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