GS paper 2
Syllabus: Bilateral, regional and global groupings involving India and affecting India’s interests
- The Investment Board Nepal signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with India’s National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC) Limited to develop the West Seti and Seti River (SR6) projects — a total of 1,200 MW.
- Withdrawal of China: China withdrew from the Seti project before Nepal decided to grant the project to India
- Issues of Resettlement and rehabilitation: In an MoU in 2012, China’s Three Gorges International Corporation was assigned to develop the project, but it withdrew in 2018, citing issues of resettlement and rehabilitation.
Other Projects involving India:
- Mahakali Treaty (6,480 MW)
- Upper Karnali Project (900 MW)
- Arun Three projects (900 MW)
Benefit of this project for India:
- Geopolitical influence of China: It will help India minimize the Chinese influence and firm its presence in Nepal.
- The West Seti Hydroelectric Project was a major Chinese venture under the Belt and Road Initiative.
- Cross-border exchange: The project has the potential to enhance cross-border power exchanges between the two countries.
- Growing energy demand: The West Seti Hydroelectric Project can provide an added alternative and viable way to address power deficits.
Steps needed for its success:
- Investment-related constraints: There needs to be a careful study of investment scenarios, particularly a conducive investment environment, distribution and transmission network and cost of resettlement and rehabilitation, at the preliminary stage.
- Nepal’s concern about electricity rates and supply from India: To address these concerns, the new MoU has already revised the percentage share of energy that Nepal will receive free of cost from the generation projects to 9(twenty-one point nine)% from 10%.
- Domestic demand: The MoU allows Nepal to request the NHPC to sell the power generated from the projects to the domestic market before selling whole or part to the export market.
- BBIN energy cooperation: The project can also be extended to other regional partners under the Bangladesh-Bhutan-India-Nepal (BBIN) framework for cross-border energy cooperation.
India and Nepal Border Dispute
Q. The long-sustained image of India as a leader of the oppressed and marginalized Nations has disappeared on account of its newfound role in the emerging global order” Elaborate. (UPSC 2019)
- Mahakali Treaty
- Upper Karnali Project
- Arun Three projects
- West Seti project
- India Nepal border dispute mapping
Consider the following statements:
- The West Seti dam is located at the confluence of the Seti and Karnali river.
- Seti dam lies to the east of Kathmandu.
Which of the statements given above is/are not correct?
a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Refer to the image above