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UNSC Summit: A ground plan for India’s reformed multilateralism

GS paper 2

Syllabus: Bilateral, regional and global grouping involving India and affecting India’s interests etc

 

Directions: Continuation of the previous article on UNSC (on 24th Sep: G4 countries highlighted the ‘urgent need’ for reform in the UN Security Council)

Source: The Hindu

 

Context: The Indian External Affairs Minister’s visit to the United Nations General Assembly has set the stage for an expansive range of bilateral and multilateral diplomacy by India.

Theme of the 77th General Assembly: “A watershed moment: Transformative Solutions to Interlocking Challenges”.

India’s stand on UNSC:

  • Reformed multilateralism: India’s call for this structural overhaul of the UNSC must incorporate institutional accountability.
  • Wider representation of the developing countries: Growing stakes of developing countries in the Security Council could foster trust and leadership across the world.

The UN’s faultlines:

  • Unable to prevent wars: UN-led multilateralism has been unable to provide strong mechanisms to prevent wars.
  • China’s rise and aggression: Through its actions in the South China Sea, the Indo-Pacific region etc have also underscored the limitations of UN-style multilateralism.

Impact of weak UN:

  • China’s growing dominance could lead it to carve its own multilateral strategies circumventing the West, economically and strategically.
  • Isolation of Russia and Iran: The international isolation of Russia and Iran as well as increasing the United States’ Taiwan-related steps.

Steps taken by India for Reforms in UN:

  • G4: Ministerial meeting of the G4 (Brazil, India, Germany and Japan).
  • 69: Meeting of the Indian delegation with the L.69 Group(membership spread over Asia, Africa, Latin America, Caribbean and Small Island Developing States) 

India’s engagements on the sidelines of the UN:

  • Quad: Minister’s participation in plurilateral meetings.
  • IBSA (India, Brazil and South Africa)
  • BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa)
  • Presidency Pro Tempore CELAC (Community of Latin American and the Caribbean States)
  • India-CARICOM (Caribbean Community)
  • India-France-Australia
  • India-France-the the United Arab Emirates
  • India-Indonesia-Australia

Conclusion:

Because of the Russia-Ukraine war and lingering pandemic-induced restrictions, the need for the UN’s reform is likely to be felt more palpably than ever before. At a challenging time for the world order, India continues to affirm its commitment to “diplomacy and the need for international cooperation”.

 

Insta Links:

UNSC

UNGA

 

Mains Links:

Q. Critically examine the role of WHO in providing global health security during the COVID-19 Pandemic(UPSC 2020)

 

Prelims Links:

  • UNSC
  • UNGA
  • QUAD
  • IBSA
  • BRICS

With reference to non-permanent members of UNSC, consider the following statements:

  1. Asia has the highest representation among all continents.
  2. The representation of Latin America and Europe is the same.
  3. The total number of non-permanent members is 10.

Which of the statements given above is/are not correct?

a. 1 and 2 only

b. 1 and 3 only

c. 3 only

d. 1, 2 and 3

Ans: (a)

Justification:

United_nation_security_council