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AI in Education: State of education report for India 2022

GS Paper 3

Syllabus: Science and Technology/ Governance/Social Justice/ Indian Society


Source: UNESCO

Context: UNESCO has released the State of education report for India 2022: Artificial Intelligence (AI) in education



  • India has the highest relative AI skill penetration rate ( over 3 times the global average)
  • AI literacy is increasing and is important for India
  • India has a one-size-fits-all approach: Using personalized and intelligent AI-based tutoring will help learning become diversified


India should:

  • Consider teaching Ethics of AI
  • Correct Algorithmic biases and discrimination in AI
  • Involve the private sector and PPP in developing AI-based products.
  • Use AI for equality, equity, inclusion and improved learning outcomes
  • Use AI for the inclusion of linguistic diversity



  • India lacks policies for AI in education
  • Lack of digital infrastructure
  • Increasing use of AI for fakes, cheating
  • Focus on memorization-based education (instead of critical thinking)


Government steps:

  • NEP 2020 emphasises using digital tools ( including AI) in education for meeting the skill-based demands of Industry 4.0.
  • CBSE has AI as an elective subjectfor its ninth-grade classes.
  • National Program on AI
  • AIRAWAT (Artificial Intelligence Research, Analytics and Knowledge Assimilation Platform)
  • National Strategy for AI



Government should consider AI with the aim of 5 ‘I’s that stand for Inclusiveness, Indigenization, Innovation, Investment in infrastructure & International cooperation.


About the report:

It is the 4th edition of the annual report of UNESCO with the aim of increasing the application of AI in education in India.


The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization  (founded in 1945, Hq: Paris) is a specialised agency of the United Nations aimed at promoting world peace and security through international cooperation in education, arts, sciences and culture.


Insta Links

AI and Robotics


Mains Links

AI can be connected with GS1 (society), GS2, and GS3 as well as in ethics. Do related various dimensions of AI and the issues concerned.

As with most technologies, there will be positive and negative impacts on society as artificial intelligence continues to transform the world that we live in. Examine. (15M)


Prelims links

Q.With the present state of development, Artificial Intelligence can effectively do which of the following? (UPSC 2020)

  1. Bring down electricity consumption in industrial units.
  2. Create meaningful short stories and songs.
  3. Disease diagnosis.
  4. Text-to-Speech Conversion.
  5. Wireless transmission of electrical energy.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1, 2, 3 and 5 only

(b) 1, 3 and 4 only

(c) 2, 4 and 5 only

(d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Answer: D


Consider the following pairs: (2018)

Terms sometimes                         Context/Topic
seen in news

  1. Belle II experiment       —         Artificial Intelligence
  2. Blockchain technology —       Digital/Cryptocurrency
  3. CRISPR – Cas9             —        Particle Physics

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer: B