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Reforms and the task of getting teachers on board

GS Paper 2

Syllabus: Issues related to the development of the social sector involving education etc


Directions: Reforms undertaken by Andhra Government to improve the education system. You can use it as an example in mains for measures to improve education in India

Source: The Hindu


  • The education system in Andhra Pradesh is changing rapidly following a slew of reforms that have been ushered in by the government.


Aim of the education reforms:

  • Equitable and inclusive: To ensure that all children have access to quality education within an equitable and inclusive classroom environment
  • Participation: Making them active participants in the learning process.


Objectives of reforms:

  • Critical thinking: Shift the focus from content retention to building critical thinking and problem-solving abilities
  • Holistic learning process: Making the learning process more experiential, holistic, integrated, enquiry-driven, and enjoyable.


Importance of app-based attendance system:

  • Attendance: A platform to record the attendance of teachers in government schools across the State.
  • Update on children: Parents will also receive SMS updates on their child’s arrival and departure from school.
  • Teacher absenteeism: It checks teacher absenteeism.



  • School restructuring programme: it calls for a merger of classes three to five in primary schools with high schools (will further contribute to the school drop-out rate)
  • Reapportionment of teaching staff in the State: It will only increase their workload in addition to shrinking existing teacher posts.
  • Face recognition app by the School Education Department: Asking teachers to download it on their personal mobile phones and record their daily attendance
    • Teachers have Cited issues of virtual security reasons.



  • Part of reforms: As teachers are central to any change in the education system, they should not be left out of the realm of the reforms underway
  • Incentivisation: The government could think of employing effective motivation and small-scale incentivisation to find a middle ground and make them partners in the ongoing journey.


Insta Links:

NEP 2020


Mains Link:

Q. National Electronic Policy 2020 is in conformity with the Sustainable Development Goals-4 (2030). It intended to restructure and re-orient the education system in India. Critically examine the statement. (UPSC 2020)


Prelims Links:



With reference to National Education Policy(NEP) 2020, consider the following statements:

  1. The NEP proposes three language policy to continue with preference for local language upto class 5.
  2. There is no proposal to cap fees charged by private institutions of higher learning.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only

b. 2 only

c. Both 1 and 2

d. Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: (d)


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