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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 20 September 2022

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

1. Why is caste discrimination still widely prevalent in the contemporary society? Suggest measures that are needed to overcome it. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu Insights on India

Why the question:

Cadre of Adi Tamizhar Peravai staged a protest in front of the Collectorate to end caste-based discrimiation inflicted upon Scheduled Castes residing in Sriramapuram Town panchayat near Dindigul on Monday.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the ill effects of caste discrimination, reasons for its prevalence and ways to overcome it.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving background about the caste discrimination in modern India.

Body:

First, write about the reasons for the prevalence of caste discrimination in India and factors behind it.

Next, mention the impact of caste discrimination and how it is affecting contemporary society. Substantiate with facts and examples.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to overcome the above issues and empower weaker sections.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

2. As SAARC becomes functionally defunct, can BIMSTEC play the role of a better alternative for technological and economic cooperation among South Asian countries in its stead? Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role BIMSTEC can play in the changing geopolitics and if it can be an alternative to SAARC.

Directive:

Comment- here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by mentioning the mandate behind the launch of BIMSTEC.

Body:

First, write the role BIMSTEC can play in the changing geopolitics – BIMSTEC allows the confluence of its Act East and the Neighbourhood Policies, development of ‘Blue Economy’, collaboration on security and communication etc.

Next, give context regarding SAARC and examine if BIMSTEC can be a suitable alternative.

Conclusion:

Conclude writing a balanced opinion.

 

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

3. The government needs a coherent policy for deeper and wider connection with the Indian diaspora, while also playing a more proactive role in developing closer contact with them. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the need for a coherent policy for Indian diaspora.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving a statistic related to Indian diaspora abroad.

Body:

First, write in detail about the various policy measures and schemes that have been introduced to improve contacts with the diaspora.

Next, in detail, write about the issues faced by the Indian diaspora and cite examples of statistic to substantiate.

Next, write the need to have a coherent policy towards Indian diaspora and its components.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4. Examine the issues in awarding a death sentence to a convict in the “rarest of rare” cases. What reforms are needed in humanising the sentencing process? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hinduinsights on India

Why the question:

The latest order of a three-judge Bench, referring to a Constitution Bench the issue of granting a meaningful opportunity to convicts on the question of sentence, is a big stride in humanising the sentencing process.

Key Demand of the question: 

To write about the reforms needed in awarding and sentencing of capital punishment.

Directive word:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start giving the awarding of capital punishment in ‘rarest of rare’ case.

Body:

First, write about the various developments regarding capital punishment over the years – Bachan Singh vs State of Punjab, context death penalty.

Next, write about the various lacunae in the awarding of death penalty in Indian criminal justice.

Next, suggest reforms based on recent SC judgement and various recommendations of commissions.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

5. Tea industry is facing a number of problems resulting in low production of tea and tea leaves. It is the policy makers who have to formulate strategies to keep this industry thriving and profitable. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

One hundred and eighty-two years after the Assam Tea Company first started commercial production of tea in India, the government is finally moving to amend the archaic Tea Act to try and drag the ailing sector from the nineteenth to the twenty-first century, with a prolonged socialist detour.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the issues with tea production and measures needed to overcome them.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by briefly citing statistics regarding the extent of tea production in India and India’s share in global market.

Body:

First, write about the importance tea industry.

Next, write about the various issues in the tea industry – archaic laws, labour issues, pesticides, lack of standards etc.

Next, write about the measures that are required – draft Tea (Promotion and Development) Bill, overcoming labour issues, supply chain bottlenecks etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. One of the main factors contributing to air pollution and decreasing air quality in regions of north India is the burning of agricultural waste. Additionally, failure to use stubble as a fuel or fodder results in financial losses as well. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The PrintIndian Express , Insights on India/

Why the question:

Punjab and Haryana governments have embarked on planning elaborate measures for tackling stubble burning issue in the two states ahead of winter, Four Punjab ministers on Monday got together with experts to formulate a strategy to deal with the stubble burning issue and safeguard the environment.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the issues related to stubble burning and discuss the role bio-decomposers can play in tackling it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain what is stubble burning and the reasons why it is undertaken.

Body:

First, wite about the effects of the stubble burning on air quality in north India and it impact on health and ecosystem.

Next, write as to how the inability to use stubble as fuel or fodder is an economic loss.

Next, policy measures that have been takin this regard so far and examine the effectiveness in addressing the problem. explain bio-decomposers, their functioning and efficacy in addressing the issue of stubble burning.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to tackling stubble burning holistically.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships.

7. What is moonlighting? Is it ethical to do more than one job in India? (150 Words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Conceptual Tuesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To form an opinion on ethicality of moonlighting.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining the concept of moonlighting.

Body:

First, give reasons as to why there is need of moonlighting and cite reasons as to why it may be considered ethical.

Next, given reasons as to why moonlighting maybe considered unethical.

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a balanced opinion the issue.


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