Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[MISSION 2023] SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 14 September 2022

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

 

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

MISSION – 2023: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

Join IPM 4.0 to get an assured review of 2 secure answers everyday

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian Society

1. “Modern slavery occurs in almost every society, and cuts across ethnic, cultural and religious lines”. Elaborate on the reason behind it and suggest solutions. (250 Words)

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

‘The Global Estimates Of Modern Slavery’, a report published by the International Labour Organisation (ILO), International Organisation for Migration (IOM) and international human rights group Walk Free, said 50 million people were living in modern slavery in 2021. Of these, 28 million were in forced labour and 22 million were trapped in forced marriage.

Key Demand of the question:

Define modern slavery. Show how it occurs in every region and why?

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Give a brief introduction of what is Modern slavery. Give examples- forced/child marriage, forced labour, sexual exploitation, etc.

Body:

Next, give reasons for its prevalence in almost every society in the world.

Then, suggest solutions to address it (see the summary of the report or the article)

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a way forward for the patent regime in India.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Parliament-Structure, functioning and conduct of business, the role of President in parliamentary democracy.

2. President can intervene on behalf of the citizenry against the tyranny of the executive. Comment.

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu, Insights on India

Why the question:

The article came in an opinion piece of The Hindu on the role of the president in parliamentary democracy.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the manner of elections of the President and power of the President over different bills passed by the Parliament.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by introducing about President and the powers of the President

Body:

First, write the tools available to the president, using which it can intervene to protect the right of citizens against executives. Cite examples to support your answer.

Next, write a few limitations of this approach.

Next, mention how to strengthen the position of president esp. if the government is majoritarian at the executive level- committee report/law commission/ ARC.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: India – China, India – USA

3. India’s rise over the last decades has been enabled by the rules-based international order. So too has the People’s Republic of China. Nevertheless, the two countries have taken very different paths. Elucidate with suitable examples. (10M)

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of the Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss briefly the rise of India and China in the region, and how they have taken different paths.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with the current context of the question.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

First, mention how rules-based international order has led to the rise of India by giving suitable examples. Same with China. E.g free economy etc

Then, write about how both countries have taken different paths – one being a democracy and the other being communist. China is assertive and India – is diplomatic, etc

Discuss what should be the way forward – what both countries have achieved till now.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suitable suggestions.

 

4. India’s interests will be parallel to those of the United States, but they would not be identical. Analyze the statement in the context of India-US relations. (10M)

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of the Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the scope of India–United States (US) relations – in spheres of defence, technology, etc. How these are parallel but not the same.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context regarding the growth of the India-U.S relationship in the recent past.

Body:

In the first part, write about the US as India’s most comprehensive strategic partner, and cooperation between the two extends across multiple areas such as trade, defense, multilateralism, intelligence, cyberspace, civil nuclear energy, education, and healthcare.

Next, write about how even though in all these spheres they cooperate and are parallel in ideologies but not the same as both have diverged aspirations, and are based on different ideologies like NAM.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Economy: Resource Mobilization

5. What do you understand by ‘Windfall Tax’? Why has the Union government introduced such a tax recently? Examine its significance for resource mobilization for the country. (250 Words)

Reference: The Hindu

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

Recently government introduced a windfall tax due to rising crude prices, on the refining companies. In early August, Antonio Guterres, the United Nations Secretary-General, sharply criticised the “grotesque greed” of big oil and gas companies for making record profits from the global energy crisis on the back of the world’s poorest people. He urged all governments to tax these excessive profits.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain the concept of the windfall tax. Examine its significance and a few limitations.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Give a brief introduction of what is Windfall tax.  and.

Body:

With data/stat show why was it introduced in India? Has it helped India? How has the experience been in other countries?

Next, give a few limitations of such a tax for resource mobilization for the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward and need to depend on a regular source of resources. 

 

Topic Science and Technology: issues relating to intellectual property rights;

6. Highlighting the purpose of granting patents, discuss the issues concerning it and suggest solutions to address them for India. (250 Words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The recent report of the Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister (EAC-PM), Why India Needs to Urgently Invest in its Patent Ecosystem? highlights the significance of a robust patent system for a knowledge economy and for the promotion of technological innovations. 

Key Demand of the question:

Patents, their issues and solutions.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Give a brief introduction of what is Patent.

Body:

Give its significance to India. Mention section 146(2), Patents Act, 1970 a unique provision not found in patent laws of most other countries. Talk about its needs for India as a developing country and mention the example of a Compulsory license for the production of Bayer Corporation’s Nexavar. You may mention, the amendment to the Patent Rules, 2020 and form 27 which has caused dilution of section 146(2).

Next, list down a few issues- at the national as well as at the International level.

Then, suggest solutions for it.

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a way forward for the patent regime in India.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers, and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Remember, no one is stopping you from lighting a lamp in a dark night.” – Harivansh Rai Bacchan

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Elaborate upon the quote, how in extreme darkness too there can be hope. Cite examples to substantiate.

Next, write about factors that stop one from lighting a lamp (i.e taking action) during harsh times. Substantiate with examples.

Then, mention how one should move forward and move towards the light.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.

 


Join our Official Telegram Channel HERE

Please subscribe to Our podcast channel HERE

Subscribe to our YouTube ChannelHERE

Follow our Twitter Account HERE

Follow our Instagram ID HERE