Topics: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
2. India’s focus should be on investment in human capital and on healthy population ageing. Discuss. (250 Words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Reference: The Hindu , Insights on India
Why the question:
The United Nations’ World Population Prospects (WPP), 2022, forecasts India becoming the most populous country by 2023, surpassing China
Key Demand of the question:
Key points of the WPP along with how should India focus on the human capital and healthy ageing.
Discuss – When asked to discuss, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Begin your answer by brief idea about WPP report and demographic dividend
First, write about the need for India to focus on human capital and policies on ageing.
What have been done in this regard. Briefly cite their limitations. Support your answer with examples.
Next, write what more needs to be done at different levels- societal, government, companies, International, etc.
Conclude by writing a way forward.