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Basic skills are poor in Hindi, but poorer in regional languages

GS paper 2

Syllabus: Issues related to the development of the social sector involving education etc


Source: The Hindu, The Hindu

Direction: There are too many data and points. No need to remember those. Just understand the crux of the issues.



      • Foundational learning of students in Hindi is poor but their performance in regional languages in some States was even worse, according to a survey by the Union Ministry of Education and the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT).


Key Highlights:

      • National Report on Benchmarking of Oral Reading Fluency
        • Aim: It aims to assess the foundational learning of children at the end of class 3.
      • Hindi: Around 53% of class 3 students in 18 States surveyed either lacked or had limited knowledge and skills in reading and comprehending the Hindi language.


Proficiency in regional language:

      • Kannada: Analyzed in the States of Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Kerala-59% of students either lacked or displayed limited skills.
      • Assamese: 67% of students couldn’t perform well in Assam and Meghalaya.
      • Malayalam: 56% of students couldn’t read or comprehend Malayalam properly
      • Khasi: 61% of students couldn’t perform well
      • Urdu: Assessed in 13 States, 65% of learners couldn’t perform well.
      • Skills in math: The study found that the most basic knowledge and skills in numeracy were either lacking or limited in 48% of Class 3 students.
      • Worst performers: Among the States, Tamil Nadu was the worst performer, followed by Nagaland and Jammu & Kashmir.
      • Limited skills with numbers: In all, there were 11 States with more than 50% of students who either lacked or had limited skills with numbers.


Knowledge and skills: The survey divides learners on the basis of their knowledge and skills into four categories:

      • Those who lack them
      • Have limited proficiency
      • Sufficient competency
      • Those who are superior
      • The sample included:
        • State government schools
        • Government-aided schools
        • Private recognised
        • Central government schools.


National Education Policy 2022:

      • Three-language formula: It advocates for a three-language formula where two of the languages are native to India
      • Mother tongue as a medium: It says that the medium of instruction till at least class 5 or preferably till class 8 should be in the mother tongue, after which it can be taught as a language.
      • Foundational learning: It also emphasizes the importance of foundational learning.


NIPUN Scheme:

      • It is a national mission to enable all children at the end of class 3 to attain foundational skills by the year 2026-2027.
      • It aims to cover the learning needs of children in the age group of 3 to 9 years.


Importance of Multilingualism:

      • Equal status: It gives equal status to all languages and there’s enough work, history and research on this.
      • First-generation learners: Children come from different backgrounds, and in some cases, they are first-generation learners with not much support at home.
      • Democratic: It accepts that the teacher is not coming from a place of authority and is only correcting spellings and pronunciations.


Insta Links:

NEP 2020

Mains Link:

Q. National Education Policy 2020 is in line with Sustainable Development Goals-4 (2030). It intended to restructure and re-orient the education system in India. Critically examine the statement(UPSC 2020)


Prelims links:

With reference to National Education Policy(NEP) 2020, consider the following statements:

    1. The NEP proposes the extension of the Right to Education (RTE) to all children up to the age of 18.
    2. The policy recognises the primacy of the formative years from ages 3 to 6 in shaping the child’s future.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only

b. 2 only

c. Both 1 and 2

d. Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: (a)


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