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Subhas Chandra Bose

GS Paper 1

Syllabus: Personalities related to the Indian Freedom struggle

 

Source: Indian Express 

Context: A statue of Subhas Chandra Bose was unveiled by PM Modi at India Gate, inaugurated along with the Kartavya Path that was earlier known as Rajpath.

 About Subhas Chandra Bose:

      • In 1919, Bose was selected to be in Indian Civil Services (ICS) however, resigned, as he believed he could not side with the British.
      • He was highly influenced by Vivekananda’s teachings and considered him his spiritual Guru. His political guru was C.R. Das.
      • During the mid-1930s, Bose travelled in Europe. He researched and wrote the first part of his book, The Indian Struggle.
      • Bose took over as the elected President of the Indian National Congress in 1938 (Haripur) and stood for unqualified Swaraj (self-governance).
        • He was re-elected in 1939 (Tripuri) but soon resigned from the presidency and formed the All-India Forward Bloc, a faction within the Congress that aimed at consolidating the political left.

 

Contribution to Indian National Movement:

      • Indian National Army: Also known as ‘Azad Hind Fauj’ in 1943 was revived and was initially formed in 1942 by Rash Behari Bose.
        • The assault by the INA was an important factor that eventually contributed to the British leaving India.
      • The idea of Economic Planning: He espoused concrete economic planning and showed the way himself.
      • Women Empowerment: A women’s regiment of Azad Hind Fauj was formed, which was under the command of Captain Lakshmi. It was called the Rani Jhansi regiment.
      • Strong Leadership: The Azad Hind Fauj became the symbol of unity and heroism to the people of India. Bose motivated the troops with his fiery speeches. His famous quote is, “Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom!

To commemorate his contribution to India’s struggle for independence, every year on 23rd January, Subhas Chandra Bose’s birthday is celebrated across various parts of the country.

 

 Insta Links:

 Subhas Chandra Bose

 Prelims Link:

      • Formation of INA
      • Bose and Gandhi

 Mains Link:

Q. To what extent do you think the role played by the Indian National Army was the final nail in the coffin for the end of British rule in India? Highlight the contribution of Subhash Chandra Bose in this regard.