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[MISSION 2023] SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 8 September 2022

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. Discuss the importance of inscriptions in the study of history and culture of ancient and medieval India. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The outer walls of the Panamudishwarar temple are etched with inscriptions. The earliest of these stone epigraphs is dated 956 A.D. and belongs to the time of Prince Parthivendravarman who has been identified by historians with the Chola prince Aditya Chola, son of Parantaka I and elder brother of the illustrious RajarajaChola I.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of inscriptions in study if history and culture of ancient and medieval India.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a brief about inscriptions as a source of history.

Body:

First, write about the information provided by inscriptions for the various historical aspects – political, administrative, economic etc. Substantiate with examples.

Next, write about the light thrown by the inscriptions on the cultural history of that age. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2. The national tele-mental health programme is a good step towards addressing gaps in mental health treatment in the country. But its capacity to reach a large audience and reduce stigma associated with mental illnesses in society will determine its success. Analyse.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate.

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the national tele-mental health programme and the need to destigmatise mental health for its success.

Directive word:

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving an overview of mental health set up in India and trends in mental health disorders.

Body:

First, write about the national tele-mental health programme, its features and the potential benefits from it.

Next, write about the need to reach masses and destigmatise mental disorders in the society – mention the steps that must be taken in this regard – creating awareness, accessible treatment, promoting well-being, harnessing AYUSH etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward of measures needed to further strengthen mental health in India.

 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3. The disruption in education caused by the pandemic resulted in an alarming regression in children’s foundational skills which can have long term repercussions on the learning outcomes. Suggest steps to bridge the gap in education. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the impact of the pandemic on education and steps needed to offset the impact.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by highlighting some of the facts with respect to impact of covid-19 on education in India.

Body:

Firstly, mention the progress in education system before the pandemic. Cite a statistic to substantiate your point. Bring out the impact of learning deficit caused by the pandemic in India.

Next, mention the various ways to bridge the learning deficit that has emerged – readmitting dropouts, ensuring access to e-learning, special focus on most vulnerable states etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

4. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) benefits a firm just as much as it benefits the community. CSR initiatives can strengthen the relationship between workers and businesses, and contribute positively to the society. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

A When COVID-19 spurred a nationwide lockdown in India in 2020, a grave need for localised social support emerged. Giving, both private and public, flowed to NGOs working towards combating pandemic-induced challenges such as loss of livelihood for vulnerable communities, food banks, and health and medical support.

Key Demand of the question:

To wrote about the advantages of CSR and steps needed to make it more effective.

Directive:

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining CSR and its evolution in India.

Body:

First, write about the various aims and objectives behind CSR in India. Write about the important advantages of CSR in India. Cite examples to substantiate.

In the next part, write about the various issues in CSR – lack of community participation in CSR activities, need to build local capacities, issues of transparency and non-availability of clear CSR guidelines.

Next, write about the various measures that are needed to make CSR more effective.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: issues of buffer stocks and food security;

5. Examine the various threats to India’s food security. Suggest measures in order to have sufficient production and proper distribution of food grains amidst rising geopolitical tensions.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express , Insights on India

Why the question:

According to the Food and Agriculture Organisation, the Food Price Index has increased by 30 per cent in the year 2021-22. The last time it had increased in similar proportion was in 2010-11.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the various threats to food security and measures needed to ensure it.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving statistic related to food security scenario in the country.

Body:

First, write the about the various threats to food security in the country – geopolitical tension, adverse weather events like floods and droughts, improper supply chains, storage issues etc

Next, write the measures needed to overcome the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward on overcoming the above shortcomings.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships.

6. Standards are necessary for ethics, but they cannot be mechanically obeyed. Even in a volatile, constantly-changing environment, each person must have their own firm set of basic beliefs and the integrity to accept responsibility for their own judgement and choices. Elaborate. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key demand of the question:

To write about ethics and importance of core values in a ever changing environment.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin the answer by defining ethics.

Body:

Explain in detail the importance of core values system in changing and turbulent times – how integrity and core values help a person stay on the right path despite changing standards. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stressing on the importance of core value system.

 

Topic: Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

7. Emotional intelligence is about being aware of how emotions affect your communication and even leveraging human emotions to make yourself more persuasive. Explain. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Conceptual Tuesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

to develop a link between emotional intelligence and persuasion.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining emotional intelligence (EI).

Body:

First mention the role of EI in – perceiving emotions, using emotions, understanding emotions, and managing emotions.

Next, link the emotional aspect of EI with communication and persuasion – attempting to influence an outcome or followers using – authority, consistency and commitment, liking and reciprocity/reciprocation etc.

Conclusion:

Complete the answer by stressing on the implications for leaders and employers in understanding the importance of interpersonal relationships in the organizational context.


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