GS Paper 2
Syllabus: Government intervention
Directions: Important for prelims and mains, can be used as the reason for issues faced by for better delivery of schemes
Context: More than half the funds for POSHAN Abhiyaan unutilised: 4th progress report released by the NITI Aayog
- Utilization of funds: Less than half the funds set aside for the POSHAN Abhiyaan have been utilized by India’s states.
- Mobile phones and monitoring devices: States and Union territories (UTs) with poor distribution of mobile phones and growth monitoring devices emerged as those with low fund utilization.
- POSHAN Abhiyaan funds: Only three states had used more than 50 per cent of their POSHAN Abhiyaan funds between 2017-2018 and 2018-2019.
- This improved marginally to 12 between 2017-2019 and FY 2019-2020.
- System readiness and capabilities Interventions which has improved compared to the previous progress report:
- Human resources
- Training, and capacity building.
- Performance: On a scale of 0-100, only Punjab scored less than 50 among the large states.
- Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, and Mizoram were the poor performers among the small states while no UT scored less than 50.
The report listed five key elements of the POSHAN Abhiyaan scheme:
- Impact package: Deliver a high-impact package of interventions in the first 1,000 days of a child’s life
- Technology and management: Strengthen the delivery of these interventions through technology and management
- Frontline workers: Improve the capacity of frontline workers
- Malnutrition: Facilitate cross-sectoral convergence to address the multi-dimensional nature of malnutrition
- Community mobilization: Enhance behaviour change and community mobilization
- The programme seeks to improve nutritional outcomes for children, pregnant women and lactating mothers.
- Launched in 2018 with specific targets to be achieved by 2022.
- Aim: Reduce Stunting and wasting by 2% a year (total 6% until 2022) among children.
- Anemia by 3% a year (total 9%) among children, adolescent girls and pregnant women and lactating mothers.
- Target: To bring down stunting among children in the age group 0-6 years from 38.4% to 25% by 2022.
Q. Can the vicious cycle of gender inequality, poverty and malnutrition be broken through microfinancing of women SHGs? Explain with examples(UPSC 2021)
Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana