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More than half the funds for POSHAN Abhiyaan are unutilised

GS Paper 2

Syllabus: Government intervention

 

Source: down to earth, PIB

 Directions: Important for prelims and mains, can be used as the reason for issues faced by for better delivery of schemes

 Context: More than half the funds for POSHAN Abhiyaan unutilised: 4th progress report released by the NITI Aayog

Key findings:

      • Utilization of funds: Less than half the funds set aside for the POSHAN Abhiyaan have been utilized by India’s states.
      • Mobile phones and monitoring devices: States and Union territories (UTs) with poor distribution of mobile phones and growth monitoring devices emerged as those with low fund utilization.
      • POSHAN Abhiyaan funds: Only three states had used more than 50 per cent of their POSHAN Abhiyaan funds between 2017-2018 and 2018-2019.
        • This improved marginally to 12 between 2017-2019 and FY 2019-2020.
      • System readiness and capabilities Interventions which has improved compared to the previous progress report:
        • Human resources
        • Infrastructure
        • Supplies
        • Training, and capacity building.
      • Performance: On a scale of 0-100, only Punjab scored less than 50 among the large states.
        • Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, and Mizoram were the poor performers among the small states while no UT scored less than 50.

The report listed five key elements of the POSHAN Abhiyaan scheme:

      • Impact package: Deliver a high-impact package of interventions in the first 1,000 days of a child’s life
      • Technology and management: Strengthen the delivery of these interventions through technology and management
      • Frontline workers: Improve the capacity of frontline workers
      • Malnutrition: Facilitate cross-sectoral convergence to address the multi-dimensional nature of malnutrition
      • Community mobilization: Enhance behaviour change and community mobilization

Poshan Abhiyaan:

      • The programme seeks to improve nutritional outcomes for children, pregnant women and lactating mothers.
      • Launched in 2018 with specific targets to be achieved by 2022.
      • Aim: Reduce Stunting and wasting by 2% a year (total 6% until 2022) among children.
        • Anemia by 3% a year (total 9%) among children, adolescent girls and pregnant women and lactating mothers.
      • Target: To bring down stunting among children in the age group 0-6 years from 38.4% to 25% by 2022.

Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana:

Context:

●        The month of September every year is celebrated as the Rashtriya Poshan Mah or the National Nutrition Month across the country.

Key Themes:

●        Mahila and Swasthya

●        Bachcha and Shiksha –Poshan Bhi Padhai Bhi

●        Gender-sensitive water conservation and management

●        Traditional food for women and children in tribal areas.

 

Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihood Mission (DAY-NRLM):

●        It is a centrally sponsored programme, launched by the Ministry of Rural Development in June 2011.

●        Aim: To eliminate rural poverty through:

○        Promotion of multiple livelihoods

○        Improved access to financial services for the rural poor households across the country.

●        To reach out to all rural poor households and impact their livelihoods.

Insta Links:

Poshan Abhiyan

Mains Links:

Q. Can the vicious cycle of gender inequality, poverty and malnutrition be broken through microfinancing of women SHGs? Explain with examples(UPSC 2021)

 

Prelims Links:

Poshan Abhiyaan

NITI Ayog

Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana

With reference to Poshan Abhiyaan, consider the following statements:

      1. It aims to bring down stunting among children in the age group 0-6 years from 38.4% to 20% by 2022.
      2. The programme seeks to improve nutritional outcomes for children only.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only

b. 2 only

c. Both 1 and 2

d. Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: (d)

Justification:

Refer to article above