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[MISSION 2023] SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 5 September 2022

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

1. Women revolutionaries made unforgettable contributions to the growth of militant nationalism in India. Comment. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Medium

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

A recent book highlights the contribution of women revolutionary of Bengal.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the roles played by women revolutionaries towards militant nationalism in India.

Directive:

Comment – When you are asked to comment, you have to pick main points and give your ‘opinion’ on them based on evidences or arguments stemming from your wide reading. Your opinion may be for or against, but you must back your argument with evidences.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by introducing the militant nationalism and (briefly) women’s role.

Body:

First, in detail, give the contributions along with examples to support your answer. Cite incidents of the bravery and how they charted a course for women revolutionaries in India.

Next, cite some limitations of their work- e.g., limited means, social structure was backward, failed to evolve leadership role.

 Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Role of civil services in a democracy.

2. The civil service is the engine room of modern government as they play a crucial part in making policies that reflect the needs of the public. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the roles played by civil services in the modern government and its role in making policies which are public centric.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by mentioning the role of civil services in the modern day.

Body:

First, in detail, write about the roles performed by the civil services which makes it the engine room of modern government – basis of government, policy making & implementation, services to people, continuity in administration etc.

Next, write about the role of civil services in people centric policies. Substantiate with examples.

 Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Role of civil services in a democracy.

3. One of the most troublesome governance issues is that of frequent transfers of civil servants. Do you think a fixed tenure for civil servants is the way forward to ensure continuity in administration leading to good governance?  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on IndiaInsights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the issue of frequent transfers of civil servants and if fixed tenure can lead to good governance.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the drawbacks and impact associated with the frequent transfer of civil servants.

Next, write about the advantages of having a fixed tenure of the civil servants in a particular posting – continuity, impartial decision making, insulation from pressure, increased efficiency etc.

Next, write about the disadvantages of having a fixed tenure of the civil servants – complacency, shrinking accountability etc.

 Conclusion:

Conclude by starting your opinion on the above issue and way forward to achieve continuity.

 

Topic: India and its neighbourhood – International relations

4. While India and Bangladesh have deepened their ties over the years, the countries have failed to resolve long-standing issues. Comment.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Bangladesh PM visit to India.

Key Demand of the question:

Issue plaguing Indo-Bangladesh relation.

Directive:

Comment – When you are asked to comment, you have to pick main points and give your ‘opinion’ on them based on evidences or arguments stemming from your wide reading. Your opinion may be for or against, but you must back your argument with evidences.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving context of the Question.

Body:

First, give a brief snapshot of India- Bangladesh relation. How it has progressed over the years. Use diagram to show it.

Next, write about the issues still holding the relationship. Cite examples to support your points.

Next, suggest how those issues can be addressed.

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a futuristic view of the relationship.

 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting the Indian interests

5. Australia’s interests do not just align with India’s; they are inextricably entwined. Discuss. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The fifth round of the bilateral Track 1.5 dialogue will set the pace for Canberra’s deepening relationship with New Delhi

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the relation between India and Australia, how their interest align.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving context of India-Australia relations.

Body:

First, write about how the interests of India and Australia are aligned e.g., on economy, values and interests, climate.

Next, write how their interests are entwined e.g., on security in Indo-Pacific context, energy security, strategic dimensions. Etc.

Next, write some limitations of the relationship.

 Conclusion:

Conclude on a balanced note.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

6. Examine the various obstacles and suggest measures to ensure energy security and longer-term sustainability of growth for India. (250 Words)

 Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The article came in editorial section of Indian express and author suggest ten steps for ensuring energy security for India.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the issue of energy security and suggest solutions.

Directive:

Examine: – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving status of India’s energy needs.

Body:

First, highlight the issues plaguing energy sector in India and India’s import dependency.

Next, write few government steps in this direction. Then go on to suggest few measures to ensure energy security for India.

Conclusion:

Conclude on a positive note about the future.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance;

 7. Governments can operate in ways that make the majority happy while ignoring the needs and rights of the minority according to the philosophy of utilitarianism. Do you agree with this view? Debate. (150 words)

 Difficulty Level: Tough

 Reference: plato.stanford.edu

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

 Key Demand of the question: To write about the relation between needs of majority and utilitarian ethics.

 Directive:

Debate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.

 Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by describing utilitarianism.

Body:

First, write about the limitations of utilitarianism which paves the way for governments to function in ways that bring happiness to a majority but ignore the wishes and rights of a minority. Substantiate with examples.

Next, counter the above as to how utilitarianism is not just about majority or minority but about maximum good for maximum people. Cite examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude the answer by giving a balanced opinion.


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