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Governments can operate in ways that make the majority happy while ignoring the needs and rights of the minority according to the philosophy of utilitarianism. Do you agree with this view? Debate.

Topic: laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance;

 7. Governments can operate in ways that make the majority happy while ignoring the needs and rights of the minority according to the philosophy of utilitarianism. Do you agree with this view? Debate. (150 words)

 Difficulty Level: Tough

 Reference: plato.stanford.edu

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

 Key Demand of the question: To write about the relation between needs of majority and utilitarian ethics.

 Directive:

Debate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.

 Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by describing utilitarianism.

Body:

First, write about the limitations of utilitarianism which paves the way for governments to function in ways that bring happiness to a majority but ignore the wishes and rights of a minority. Substantiate with examples.

Next, counter the above as to how utilitarianism is not just about majority or minority but about maximum good for maximum people. Cite examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude the answer by giving a balanced opinion.