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INS Vikrant Commissioned

GS paper 3

Syllabus: Internal Security


Source: The Hindu, Indian Express

Direction: Know the major technological features of the Vikrant and some comparison with another aircraft carrier of its class (for prelims). For mains, know about the indigenization of technology in India.



India’s 1st indigenous aircraft carrier commissioned.


About INS Vikrant:

  • Name: Vikrant (which means courageous) is named after India’s first aircraft carrier, bought from the UK and commissioned in 1961.
  • Weightage: At 43,000 tonnes, Vikrant is the largest naval ship to be designed and built in India.
    • India joins the United States (US), the United Kingdom (UK), France, Russia, Italy, and China, which have similar capabilities.
  • Technologies used: STOBAR (short take-off but assisted recovery)
  • 76% indigenous material was used.
  • Made at: Cochin Shipyard Limited in Kochi


India’s firsts

  • First indigenous warship: INS Ajay (1960)
  • First indigenous frigate:INS Nilgiri (1968)


What is the Significance of INS Vikrant?

  • Help in the Indian Navy’s push to establish itself as a blue water force, one with the ability to project its power on distant seas.
  • Help in India’s bid to be a net security provider in the Indian Ocean region
  • China has already inducted two vessels.
  • Bolster the maritime security of the nation: Now India has two operational aircraft carriers ( the other one is INS Vikramaditya)


Other Aircraft Carriers Across the WorldUSA(USS Gerald R Ford Class); China(Fujian); United Kingdom( Queen Elizabeth Class); Russia(Admiral Kuznetsov); Italy( Cavour) and France( Charles De Gaulle)



  • Import dependence: Warship has three components
    • FLOAT (90% indigenization achieved)
    • MOVE (60%)
    • FIGHT (only 30%)
  • Cost and Time Overruns: e.g. INS Vikrant was to be inducted by 2017. INS Vikramaditya was inducted into service more than 10 years after it was purchased.
  • Old technology: Currently, the Navy employs 15 conventional submarines, each of which requires breaking surfaces to charge its batteries (it doesn’t have an air-independent propulsion system, see yesterday’s CA to know more)
  • Parliamentary committee on Defence and other experts have cited the need for a third Aircraft carrier for India.


Government initiatives:  

  • Development cum Production Partner Initiative (by DRDO, it ensures involvement of industries from the beginning of the development cycle and leads to a reduction in the time frame of the development-to-induction cycle)
  • Defence India Startup Challenge
  • SRIJAN Portal (monitor the status of progress of indigenisation)
  • FDI limit increased from 49% to 74%
  • Innovations for Defence Excellence (iDEX)
  • Positive Indigenisation List( under new Defence Procurement Policy)



India should look to invest in a longer-term indigenization plan and making of a critical subsystem on its own. It should look to enhance Underwater Domain Awareness (UDA) by the use of Artificial Intelligence/ Machine Learning, and include more private sector for design, production and maintenance.



Insta Links

INS Vikrant


Mains Links

Link it with India’s maritime capability in the multi-polar Indo-pacific as well as with India’s indigenization of technology.

Q. As India’s first indigenous aircraft carrier, INS Vikrant, has now been commissioned. Discuss its significance for India. (10M)


Prelims Links

Which one of the following is the best description of ‘INS Astradharini’, that was in the news recently? ( UPSC 2016)

(a) Amphibious warfare ship
(b) Nuclear-powered submarine
(c) Torpedo launch and recovery vessel
(d) Nuclear-powered aircraft carrier

Ans: C


INS Astradharini is an indigenously designed and built torpedo launch and recovery vessel built by Shoft Shipyard for the Indian Navy. She was commissioned into Navy Service on 6 October 2015 at the Naval Base in Visakhapatnam.


  1. Consider the following in respect of the Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS): ( UPSC 2017)

1). Inaugural IONS was held in India in 2015 under the chairmanship of the Indian Navy.

2). IONS is a voluntary initiative that seeks to increase maritime cooperation among navies of the littoral states of the Indian Ocean Region.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: B

The Indian Ocean Naval Symposium is a series of biennial meetings between the littoral states of the Indian Ocean region. It provides a forum to increase maritime security cooperation, discuss regional maritime issues, and promote friendly relationships among the member states. The inaugural IONS Seminar was held by the Indian Navy in 2008.