Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
5. In keeping with the spirit of the ‘Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav’, the country is taking steps to curb littered and unmanaged plastic waste pollution. Elaborate upon the efforts to eliminate single-use plastics in the country. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Easy
Why the question:
The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India, notified the Plastic Waste Management Amendment Rules, 2021 on August 12, 2021.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about concerns associated single use plastic and ways to successfully phase it out.
Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by defining single use plastic and give statistic related to plastic waste generation in India.
First, write about the concerns associated with single use plastic – usually goes into a landfill where it is buried or it gets into the water and finds its way into the ocean, releases toxic chemicals, affects Endocrine system which can cause cancer, infertility, birth defects, impaired immunity and many other ailments etc
Next, write about the ways in which singe use plastic can be phased out in the country and ensure its successful ban.
Conclude with a way forward.