Topic: Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
3. In a democracy like India, accountability of the ruling class is an important aspect of polity and governance. The office of CAG has been mandated by the Indian Constitution to be the auditors of the nation and, thus, an agent for maintaining answerability. Discuss. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Easy
Reference: Insights on India
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the powers, functions and responsibilities of Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) in India.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by stating that the Constitution of India provides for an independent office of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG). CAG helps the parliament/state legislatures hold their respective governments accountable.
In brief discuss the following points – The coming of CAG office into existence – The role of the CAG evolved in British India with Lord Canning initiating a major administrative drive before the Mutiny of 1857.
Next, in detail, discuss the Constitutional provisions of the CAG. Cite statistics and examples. Explain the duties and powers, with limitations.
Conclude by summarising.