Topic: Disaster and disaster management.
6. Do you think that Urban flooding which is being witnessed in metropolitan cities across the nation is a man-made disaster? Critically analyse. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Reference: Indian Express
Why the question:
It was near apocalypse beyond the western outskirts of Bengaluru last weekend, as the government’s marquee project—the Bengaluru-Mysuru 10-lane express highway, to be readied in time for Dasara in October—was flooded. So were the districts of Mandya, Ramanagara and regions lying along the highway route.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the various causes of urban floods and ways to mitigate them
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by explaining what is urban flood.
Next, Mention the man-made causes of urban floods such as lake bed encroachments, deforestation etc.
Next, write about the natural causes of urban floods.
Next, mention the need for a city wise strategic approach and recourse in the building codes and by-laws of cities to ensure proper drainage channels and provision for perforation of rainfall into ground water to avoid urban floods.
Conclude by writing a way forward.