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[MISSION 2023] SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 31 August 2022

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

1. Do you think the policies of Mikhail Gorbachev resulted in the collapse of the Soviet Union? Critically analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu ,Insights on India

Why the question:

Mikhail Gorbachev, who ended the Cold War without bloodshed but failed to prevent the collapse of the Soviet Union, died on Tuesday at the age of 91.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the reasons for the collapse of the Soviet Union and role of Mikhail Gorbachev in it.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving context of Gorbachev’s Glasnost and Perestroika.

Body:

First, in detail explain the polices of Glasnost and Perestroika and their impact on the Soviet Union and how they played a part in the fall of the Soviet Union.

Next, write about the other factors that were responsible for the fall of Soviet Union apart the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a balanced opinion on the issue.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure

2. Trace the development of fiscal federalism in India. Examine the various issues in it and give suggestions to enhance fiscal federalism in the country.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the evolution of fiscal federalism in India, issues in it and measures needed to overcome the issues.

Directive:

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining fiscal federalism in India.

Body:

First, give a brief about the development of fiscal federalism in India since independence.

Next, write about the various issues with respect to fiscal federalism in India – opacity, GST issues, FRMBA, impact of the pandemic etc.

Next, write about the measures needed to rectify the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure

3. Tensions over centralisation in certain spheres of governance has adversely affected centre-state relations in the recent past. Do you agree the view that there has been a rise of unitary tendencies? Critically analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the centralising tendency witnessed in India and suggests steps to overcome it.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining federalism.

Body:

First, write about the various tensions in the centre-state relations in the recent past. Cite examples to substantiate.

Next, mention the centralising tendencies witnessed in India prior to the pandemic – monetary share of the States in Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS), the terms of reference of the 15th Finance Commission, imposition of demonetisation without adequate consultation with the States, institutionalisation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST), outsourcing of the statutory functions under the Smart Cities Mission, a delay in transfer of GST compensation, ‘One Nation One Ration’,

Next, write about the other side. Mention the various facets that have promoted federalism in the recent past.

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a balanced opinion.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

4. What is ultra-poverty? Discuss the need for specialized safety net programs, and large-scale government livelihood programs designed to address the issues of ultra-poor in the country. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live MintInsights on India

Why the question:

Extreme poverty, as per the International Poverty Line, was expected to affect between 9.1% and 9.4% of the world’s population in 2020, according to The World Bank Poverty and Shared Prosperity Report.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about ultra-poverty and measures need to combat it.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining ultra-poverty.

Body:

First, provide a statistic regarding to ultra-poor in the country and bring out its impact.

Next, mention the limitations of existing of poverty alleviation schemes in addressing the issues of the ultra-poor.

Next, write about the need for specialised focus and attention towards ultra-poor. Measures needed to combat ultra-poverty.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: issues relating to intellectual property rights.

5. Do you think the administration of intellectual property (IP) regime is a hindrance to growth of innovation in the country?  State your opinion. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live MintInsights on India

Why the question:

Two weeks ago, the Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister released a report on the current status of India’s intellectual property (IP) regime. It noted a marked increase in the number of patents filed in the country over the past decade (from only 39,400 patents filed in 2010-11 to as many as 66,440 in 2021-22).

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the various issues in its administration of IPR and steps needed to resolve them.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with the definition of IPR and its objectives.

Body:

First, write about the different types of IPRs.

Next, write about the various issues in IPRs administration – Patent Ever greening Prevention, Subsidies & IPR Issues, The Product Patents Process, Protecting traditional knowledge, Compulsory Licensing & Drug Price Control Order etc.

Next, write about the reforms that are needed.

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a balanced opinion.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“How vain it is to sit down to write when you have not stood up to live.” ― Henry David Thoreau

Difficulty level: Tough

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about how it is too easy to criticise something or others but it is immensely difficult to take a stand against something, especially, in the face of adversity. Mention that it is lack of moral courage that leads to this. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the courage in the present day.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“By three methods we may learn wisdom: First, by reflection, which is noblest; Second, by imitation, which is easiest; and third by experience, which is the bitterest”. – Confucius

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Elaborate upon the quote and the various ways in which wisdom can be achieved. Substantiate with examples. Mention as to which are the preferred ways of obtaining wisdom.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.


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