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The Avoidable War

GS paper 2

Syllabus: International relations: Bilateral, regional and global grouping involving India and India’s neighbourhood etc

 

Source: The Hindu

Directions: The mapping of disputes between India and China is important for Prelims and for mains-Issues concerning the India-China relationship

Context:

      • There are parallels between China’s actions at the Line of Actual Control (LAC) and the tensions between China and the US over Taiwan, says former Australian Prime Minister and China watcher Kevin Rudd.
      • Book: “The Avoidable War: The Dangers of a Catastrophic Conflict between the U.S. and Xi Jinping’s China”.

Current Affairs

 

 Xi Jinping’s ambitions for China:

      • National rejuvenation: This cannot be achieved in the absence of Taiwan and that programme has a timetable of
      • Military reforms: China’s military reform and modernization program from 2035 to 2037.

10 concentric circles of interest of Xi Jinping:

      • First four or five are largely domestic: They are about the politics and economics and the security apparatus remaining in power.
      • Concentric circle eight: It is the use of the Belt and Road initiative to extend China’s overall economic and therefore political sphere of influence across the vast Eurasian continent.
        • India figures in this.

 Is there a way for India to counter China’s influence in the neighbourhood?

      • Balance between different groupings: India should strengthen the quad Alliance quad arrangement with Australia, Japan and the United States and keep the present balance as a member of the SCO and BRICS with Russia and China.
      • International rules-based system: Adding a voice to the existing international rules-based system is in many respects, as important as the fundamental to the reality of Chinese strategic power.

 

Insta Links:

India-China relations

 

Mains Links:

Q. China is using its economic relations and positive trade surplus as tools to develop potential military power status in Asia’. In light of this statement, discuss its impact on India as her neighbour. (UPSC 2017)

 

Prelims Links:

      • LAC
      • South China sea
      • Taiwan
      • SCO
      • QUAD
      • AUKUS

Which of the following groups India is a member of?

      1. AUKUS
      2. SCO
      3. NATO
      4. BIMSTEC

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

a. 1, 2 and 3 only

b. 2, 3 and 4 only

c. 2 and 4 only

d. 1, 2, 3 and 4

Ans: (c)

Justification:

AUKUS: Grouping between Australia, US and UK

NATO: India is not a member

SCO: India along with Pakistan became member in 2017

BIMSTEC: It’s a South Asian and South East Asian grouping, India is a member.

Tags: #International relations  ,India-China relations