GS paper 2
Syllabus: International relations: Bilateral, regional and global grouping involving India and India’s neighbourhood etc
Directions: The mapping of disputes between India and China is important for Prelims and for mains-Issues concerning the India-China relationship
- There are parallels between China’s actions at the Line of Actual Control (LAC) and the tensions between China and the US over Taiwan, says former Australian Prime Minister and China watcher Kevin Rudd.
- Book: “The Avoidable War: The Dangers of a Catastrophic Conflict between the U.S. and Xi Jinping’s China”.
Xi Jinping’s ambitions for China:
- National rejuvenation: This cannot be achieved in the absence of Taiwan and that programme has a timetable of
- Military reforms: China’s military reform and modernization program from 2035 to 2037.
10 concentric circles of interest of Xi Jinping:
- First four or five are largely domestic: They are about the politics and economics and the security apparatus remaining in power.
- Concentric circle eight: It is the use of the Belt and Road initiative to extend China’s overall economic and therefore political sphere of influence across the vast Eurasian continent.
- India figures in this.
Is there a way for India to counter China’s influence in the neighbourhood?
- Balance between different groupings: India should strengthen the quad Alliance quad arrangement with Australia, Japan and the United States and keep the present balance as a member of the SCO and BRICS with Russia and China.
- International rules-based system: Adding a voice to the existing international rules-based system is in many respects, as important as the fundamental to the reality of Chinese strategic power.
Q. China is using its economic relations and positive trade surplus as tools to develop potential military power status in Asia’. In light of this statement, discuss its impact on India as her neighbour. (UPSC 2017)
- South China sea
Tags: #International relations ,India-China relations