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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 17 August 2022

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1. The revolutionaries contributed a great deal in their own way towards the freedom of the country. Although they could not penetrate deeply into the hearts of the masses, they certainly infused in them a sense of patriotism and a determination to drive out foreigners from their soil. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write the contributions of revolutionary nationalists and analyze the reasons for the decline of revolutionary strand of national movement in the 1930’s.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by writing about revolutionary national movement and its nature of struggle. Mention important organizations and revolutionaries.

Body:

First, outline the major contributions of the revolutionary nationalists – spreading patriotism, creating fear in the minds of British, making them grant concessions, uniting the people of India, inspiring the youth.

In the next part, write the reasons for the decline of national movement – repression of the government, death/imprisonment of leaders, shift to popular struggle, joining mainstream political movement.

Conclusion:

Summarize that though the acts of individual heroism reduced but the revolutionary zeal remained and it manifested in Gandhian movements and Indian National Army of Bose.

 

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

2. Raja Ram Mohan Roy (1772-1833) was one of the makers of modem India. He is generally hailed as “the father of Modern India”. Though Roy was modernist in his approach, he always tried to link modernity with tradition. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Chapter 9 – A Brief History of Modern India by Rajiv Ahir (Spectrum Publishers)

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the contributions of Raja Ram Mohan Roy.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief intro into the personality of Rajaram Mohan Roy and how western education influenced his perspective on Indian society

Body:

Mention the reforms brought in by Rajaram Mohan Roy such as Reinterpreting Hinduism, his mix of modernism with tradition, on caste and Women’s rights, on sati system, on political liberalism etc.

Write about his various measures he took to achieve the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude by saying his legacy makes him rightly been called as father of Modern India.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

3. The shortcomings of the UN system is manifestation of its structural inadequacy.  Without comprehensive reforms of UN structure and without democratisation in decision-making, the UN might progressively lose its effectiveness and relevance. Critically examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

Stressing on the comprehensive reform of United Nations’ structure, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh on Tuesday pointed to “the infirmities within the multilateral system” of the United Nations and said it might lead to its loss of relevance.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the various issues with the UN system, its implications and reforms needed in it.

Directive word: 

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving the role of UN system in maintaining global multilateral order.

Body:

First, write about the various shortcomings in the UN system and how it is the manifestation of the structural adequacy of the UN.

Next, write about the various negative the above-mentioned shortcomings and substantiate them with examples.

Next, write about the measures that can be taken to address the above-mentioned shortcomings.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

4. Discuss the contributions of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in developing the science, technology and innovation ecosystem in the nation.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Reflecting on 75 years of Independence makes one proud of the socio-economic developments of our country.

Key Demand of the question: 

To write about the contributions of CSIR for advancement of science and technology in the country.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by aims and objectives of CSIR.

Body:

First, write about the context in which CSIR was setup and its initial achievements.

Next, write about the achievements of in detail till date. Substantiating with facts and examples, highlight the role played by CSIR in advancing science and technology in the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic:  Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

5. What is ethanol blending? Differentiate between first generation and second generation ethanols. Analyse the economic and ecological benefits of promoting ethanol blending in India. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate.

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that India has achieved its target of blending 10% sugarcane-extracted ethanol in petrol, ahead of schedule. Addressing the nation from the Red Fort on the 76th Independence Day, he rooted for energy independence stating that, “we need to be Aatmanirbhar (self-sufficient) in our energy sector”. India is one of the world’s biggest oil importing nations.

 Key Demand of the question: 

To write about ethanol blending, difference between 1G and 2G ehtnaols, economic and ecological benefits of ethanol blending.

Directive word:

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining ethanol blending and the mechanism behind it.

Body:

First, write about the differences between first generation and second generation ethanols based on its nature, utility and source.

Next, write the economic benefits of ethanol blending – foreign exchange per year, energy security, self-reliance, increasing farmers’ incomes, employment generation, and greater investment opportunities

Next, write about the ecological benefits – lower carbon emissions, better air quality and use of damaged foodgrains etc. Mention the various schemes for promotion of ethanol blending in India.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward to promote ethanol blending.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic : Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Contentment is natural wealth; luxury is artificial poverty.” ― Socrates

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about the how contentment is natural wealth and importance of contentment. Substantiate with examples.

Next, write about Luxury is artificial poverty and how running behind riches of life will not lead to satisfaction. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

​“So long as you are ready to die for humanity, the life of your country is immortal. ― Giuseppe Mazzini.

Difficulty level: Tough

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about the need to understand humanity and humanitarian concerns in the present day and the need to preserve it. Next, write about how the people, societies and nations who practices and preach humanity are immortal. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.


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