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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 16 August 2022

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. Discuss the major characteristics of art in the period between 200 B.C.E- 300 C.E with a special emphasis on Stupa architecture. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India/

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about artistic characteristic between 200 BCE and 300 CE and about Stupa architecture.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of development of art between 200 BCE and 300 CE.

Body:

First, write about the major features of art between 200 BCE and 300 CE – mostly related to religions, Buddha images, construction of Stupas, Chaityas and Viharas, non-Indian art in the artistic creations etc.

Next, write in detail about the features of Stupa architecture and its evolution during this period.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. Pala art is in a naturalistic style with a great attention to the ornamental detail and certain elegant virtuosity. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Insights on Indiaccrtindia.gov.in

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the various features of Pala school of art.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a brief about the origins of Pala school of art.

Body:

First, write about the detailed features of Pala school of art – Pala style was transmitted chiefly by means of bronze sculptures and palm-leaf paintings, celebrating the Buddha and other divinities.

Next, write about development of naturalistic style among Pala style and attention to detail. Elaborate with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

3. In the context of Nehru’s “temples of modern India”, discuss their contribution to India’s growth and development since independence. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

As India celebrates 75 years of Independence, Indians will see this as an occasion to recall Jawaharlal Nehru’s immortal speech, “A Tryst with Destiny”, delivered on the night of August 14, 1947, and its haunting poetic expressions — “At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India awakes to life and freedom.” For most, that speech and the man who spoke those words symbolised the spirit of a new nation just born. For them, some of the recent attempts to undermine Nehru’s place in history may seem like a minor distraction.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the “temples of modern India” and their contributions.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by outlining “temples of modern India” as per Nehru.

Body:

First, in detail, mention the rationale behind considering institutions like Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Indian Institutes of Management (IIM), Bhakra-Nangal dam, Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, the LIC, the Oil and Natural Gas Corporation, Indian Oil Corporation, the National Library of India and the National Institute of Design as temples.

Next, write about the contribution of the above in growth and development of the country and substantiate with facts and examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising the importance of the above.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4. The isolated and diverse North-East India continues to witness serious challenges of integration and under development. Unless there is a change in the mindset of policy makers as well as policies responsive to the changing needs of the people, the problems will continue in the region. Analyse. (250 words).

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The integration of Northeast India into mainstream Indian life has been on the national agenda from the very start of India’s journey as an independent nation. The region has always been seen to be somewhat alien and needing assimilation, which found (and finds) reflection in administrative terms too.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the issues of NE India and ways to overcome them.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of north eastern India.

Body:

In the first part, briefly trace the efforts at the integration of NE India.

Next, write about the challenges with respect to development in NE India – Historical discrimination, violence, lack of rights, lack of accessibility, poverty, crime, tribal insurgency etc. Substantiate with facts and examples.

Next, write about the measures that are required to overcome the above challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

5. Both India and the EU have been keen to maintain the momentum in their bilateral interactions, despite various challenges. Can the unfulfilled bilateral potential be realised? Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu ,Insights on India

Why this question:

While India celebrates its 75th year of Independence, it also celebrates 60 years of diplomatic relations with the European Union (EU). A cooperation agreement signed in 1994 took the bilateral relationship beyond trade and economic cooperation.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the need for great cooperation between India-EU in critical areas and ways to achieve it.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with brief background of the context of the question.

Body:

Explain first that after limited economic gains from its FTAs with Asian partners, India is reassessing its FTA options. While a good beginning has been made with the UK, India must also renegotiate with the EU—the bloc is very important for India as far as trade relations are concerned, and an FTA with the EU is, thus, based on sound reasoning.

Discuss that FTAs need to be designed in a manner that they enhance complementarities amongst partners and overcome regulatory hurdles that inhibit trade. Account for potential of India –EU trade relations.

Present the challenges before India in realizing this potential.

Conclusion:

Suggest way forward and conclude.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. What is a carbon market? Evaluate the potential to have a carbon market framework in India to incentivize carbon emission reduction and fight climate change.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

This monsoon session of Parliament concluded with the passing of the Energy Conservation (Amendment) Bill, 2022) by the Lok Sabha. Among other things, the bill proposes a momentous carbon market framework in India to incentivize carbon emission reduction

Key Demand of the question:

To write about carbon market and India’s potential in using to fight climate change.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining carbon market.

Body:

In the first part, in detail, write about the structure and functioning of carbon market and its brief history.

Next, write about the potential of carbon markets in reducing carbon emissions and fighting climate change. Write the ways in which it would help. Substantiate with facts and examples.

Next, write about the challenges and limitations associated with carbon markets in India. Mention ways to overcome them.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity;

7. Discuss the importance of Probity in public projects, which seeks to reduce vulnerabilities to corruption in Public Private Partnership projects (PPP). (150 Words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Conceptual Tuesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about importance of probity in public procurement and its role in reducing corruption.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining probity.

Body:

First, write about the need of Probity in Public Procurement and how it will affect the current challenges with respect to public projects. Cite examples to substantiate.

Next, write about the steps to ensure probity in PPP projects.

Conclusion:

Complete by writing a way forward.


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