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What are the factors influencing the distribution and density of population in India? Why is understanding population dynamics important for Indian policymakers? Discuss.

Topic: population and associated issues

2. What are the factors influencing the distribution and density of population in India? Why is understanding population dynamics important for Indian policymakers? Discuss. (250 words).

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain the factors determining population density and importance of population dynamics.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief introduction to Population dynamics.

Body:

First, give a detailed description of various factors that influence the distribution and density of population in India – Terrain, Climate, Soil, Water Bodies, Mineral resources and Industries.

In the next part, explain the importance of population dynamics for policy makers and recent measures taken in this regard.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.