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The National Mission on Edible Oils and Oil Palm (NMEO-OP), a mission mode approach to increase the edible oil production is welcome, the major thrust on oil palm requires careful reconsideration and emphasis should be on greener alternatives. Comment.

Topic: Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints.

6. The National Mission on Edible Oils and Oil Palm (NMEO-OP), a mission mode approach to increase the edible oil production is welcome, the major thrust on oil palm requires careful reconsideration and emphasis should be on greener alternatives. Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to Earth

Why the question:

India is the second-largest consumer of edible oil globally and its largest importer. While the government has taken several initiatives over the years to increase the domestic production of edible oils, its shortage and high price are often in the news.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the potential drawbacks of the National Mission on Edible Oils and Oil Palm (NMEO-OP) with respect to overzealous push on cultivation of oil palm.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Write about National Mission on Edible Oils and Oil Palm (NMEO-OP), its aims and objectives.

Body:

Mention the recent push by the government towards cultivation of palm in India. The areas chosen for its cultivation.

Next, mention benefits India will accrue from achieving self-reliance in palm oil.

Write about potential pitfalls and negative outcome of this mission with respect to Oil palm. Deforestation, damaging effects on the environment and human rights violation etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.