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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 11 August 2022

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. Many of the splendid Chola sculptures that survive till date represent the fine craftsmanship of the Chola artists and religious beliefs of that age. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

A Chola-era Buddha idol that was reportedly stolen from Arpakkam near Kancheepuram is now stuck with the Department of Homeland Security in the U.S., without any claim having been made by the Indian authorities.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the developments in sculpture during the Chola period.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context about the grandeur of the Chola sculpture.

Body:

First, write about the Chola sculptures – salient and important features, marked changes which were started during this period and emphasis on Hindu iconography. Substantiate with examples.

Next, write about the overall nature of the sculptures which portray a classic grace, grandeur and taste.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: population and associated issues

2. What are the factors influencing the distribution and density of population in India? Why is understanding population dynamics important for Indian policymakers? Discuss. (250 words).

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain the factors determining population density and importance of population dynamics.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief introduction to Population dynamics.

Body:

First, give a detailed description of various factors that influence the distribution and density of population in India – Terrain, Climate, Soil, Water Bodies, Mineral resources and Industries.

In the next part, explain the importance of population dynamics for policy makers and recent measures taken in this regard.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

3. Cities are the growth engine of national wealth and income production; however, the existence of slums in the urban units is a challenging issue in urban planning which has major social-economic ramifications. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the issues regarding the development of slums in India.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In brief, give a scenario of Urbanisation in India. Mention fact and figures with respect to level of Urbanisation in India. 

Body:

In the first part, write about why Slums are considered to a necessary evil – Cheap accommodation, Migrants agglomeration, Lack of housing, communitarian interests etc.

Next, mention the social consequences of living in slums – Crime, Poor living conditions, diseases, lack of basic amenities. Mention how the plight of slum dwellers worsened during the pandemic.

Mention steps to improve the living conditions in the slums at policy as well as implementation level.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4. While perpetrators of rape and other forms of sexual violence must be held accountable, but capital punishment might not be the answer. Critically Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

At a press conference last week in Delhi, the Chief Minister of Rajasthan Ashok Gehlot criticised the legislative expansion of the death penalty for sexual offences, holding the Centre responsible for encouraging sexual offenders to kill the victims after raping them in an attempt to destroy evidence and avoid prosecution.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about whether or not death penalty for rape would be a sufficient deterrent for perpetrators of the crime.

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the Problems with death penalty. Emphasises on the fact that punishing rape with death may actually be counterproductive to women’s safety. Substantiate with facts and reports.

Next, Arguments supporting for Death Penalty and how it acts as deterrent. Cite examples from all over the world.

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a fair and balanced opinion about death penalty.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

5. Economic growth can be transformed into meaningful development only if it brings about an improvement in the living conditions of people. Examine the reasons for growing inequalities in India. Suggest structural and policy measures needed to reduce economic inequality in the country. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live MintInsights on India

Why the question:

Although poverty lines and poverty estimates are always a source of contention, the number of poor people in India in 2022, perhaps 20-25% of our population, might be close to the total population of India in 1947.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about reasons for inequalities in the country and its implications. The structural and policy measures needed to overcome them.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, in brief, trace the growth and development story of India since independence with a special emphasis on growing inequalities. Cite statistics to substantiate.

Next, write about various reasons for growing inequalities in the country.

Next, write about the structural measures that are needed to fix the above.

Next, write about the policy changes needed to reduce inequalities.

Conclusion:

Concluding by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints.

6. The National Mission on Edible Oils and Oil Palm (NMEO-OP), a mission mode approach to increase the edible oil production is welcome, the major thrust on oil palm requires careful reconsideration and emphasis should be on greener alternatives. Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to Earth

Why the question:

India is the second-largest consumer of edible oil globally and its largest importer. While the government has taken several initiatives over the years to increase the domestic production of edible oils, its shortage and high price are often in the news.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the potential drawbacks of the National Mission on Edible Oils and Oil Palm (NMEO-OP) with respect to overzealous push on cultivation of oil palm.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Write about National Mission on Edible Oils and Oil Palm (NMEO-OP), its aims and objectives.

Body:

Mention the recent push by the government towards cultivation of palm in India. The areas chosen for its cultivation.

Next, mention benefits India will accrue from achieving self-reliance in palm oil.

Write about potential pitfalls and negative outcome of this mission with respect to Oil palm. Deforestation, damaging effects on the environment and human rights violation etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: social influence and persuasion.

7. Examine the importance of persuasion in marketing of corporate products. In order to achieve profits, can marketing be ‘partially truthful’? (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about role of persuasion in marketing and role of truth and lies in marketing.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by giving context.

Body:

Write about the role of persuasion in marketing of corporate products which leads to consumers buying more products and various ways to do so.

Next, use of part truth – hiding facts, misrepresentation, white lies used in marketing and ethicality of such marketing tactics.

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving your view on partial truth during marketing.


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