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[MISSION 2023] SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 08 August 2022

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

1. Diversity in climatic conditions has resulted into a marked diversity in natural vegetation. Elaborate upon the major types of vegetation in India and its features. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the reasons for diversity in vegetation of India and to mention in detail about different types of vegetation in India.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by talking about how the varied climatic conditions has given rise to wide range of natural vegetation.

Body:

Mention about the different types of vegetation present in India. Draw a simple representative map of India highlighting major vegetation in India.

Explain in detail, the types of vegetation. Account for the major climatic factors responsible for it, the major features of each vegetation and major flora – fauna found there.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

2. What is a drought? Explain the classification and characteristics of a drought. Why do droughts recur in India? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about droughts, its characteristic and classification and reasons for tis recurrence.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by defining a drought.

Body:

In the first, give a brief about susceptibility of India to droughts.

Next, write about the Characteristics of Drought- Seasonal Characteristics and Intra-Seasonal Variability, its spread, nature and impact.

Next, write about the various types of drought classification in India.

Next, write about the reasons for recuring droughts in India.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward to deal with recuring droughts.

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic: issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

3. The establishment of Panchayati Raj was to promote democratic decentralization and empower women in administration. However, the practice of Sarpanch Pati negates both. How can this practice be ended? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Following reports of husbands or male members of families taking oath instead of the elected women representatives in newly formed Madhya Pradesh panchayats, the State is coming out with an advisory to prevent a repeat of such instances.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the practice of Sarpanch Pati, reasons behind it, its impact and ways to prevent it.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing aims and objectives of Panchayati Raj.

Body:

First, write about the practice of Sarpanch Pati and reasons behind this practice.

Next, write about the impact of this practice on the aims and objectives of PRI’s. Substantiate with facts and examples.

Mention the measures that are needed to remedy this situation.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

4. What is the ‘One China Policy’? Examine as to how the Taiwan issue exemplifies the volatile cocktail of geopolitical contestations between U.S and China. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The HinduIndian Express

Why the question:

The August 3 visit of U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi to Taiwan, the first such high-level engagement in 25 years, was in China’s view further evidence of Washington “hollowing out” its commitment to a One China Policy.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the One China Policy, its impact of contemporary geopolitics between U.S and China.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of ‘One China Policy’.

Body:

In the first part, briefly trace the evolution of ‘One China Policy’.

Next, write about the geopolitical ramifications of Taiwan issue on already worsening geopolitical tensions between U.S and China. Mention the recent developments that have led to deterioration of relations.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward on how diplomacy should prevail to sort out issues.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

5. How is the Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV) different from existing rocket fleet of ISRO? Discuss the significance of addition of SSLV to the group of Indian rockets.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressIndian Express

Why the question:

The ISRO Sunday said the maiden flight of newly developed Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV) can be termed as a partial success, with the three solid fuel-based propulsion stages working normally but the satellites getting injected into a wrong elliptical orbit owing to failure of logic to identify a sensor failure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about differences between SSLV with that of PSLV and GSLV and significance of its addition to India’s rocket fleet.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving the context of launch of SSLV.

Body:

First, write about the differences between SSLV and the existing rocket fleet, that is, PSLV and GSLV.

Next, write about the advantages the addition of SSLV will provide to ISRO in terms of technology, satellite launch, commercial benefits, private participation.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward as to how India can master this SSLV technology.

 

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life

6. Artificial intelligence (AI) is being increasingly applied to healthcare. It has the potential to transform many aspects of patient care and treatment, as well as administrative processes related to healthcare sector. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

Last month, Alphabet’s artificial intelligence subsidiary, DeepMind, stunned the world of science by presenting something truly spectacular: a snapshot of nearly every existing protein on Earth— 200 million of them. This feat of machine learning could speed the creation of new drugs. It has already upended my own scepticism about the role AI can play in the pharmaceutical industry.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the application of AI in healthcare – treatment as well administrative processes.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by defining Artificial intelligence (AI).

Body:

First, in brief, write about the factors the myriad of applications of AI.

Next, write about the applications of AI in healthcare sector – in diagnosis, treatment, patient care etc. Substantiate with facts and examples.

Next, write about how AI can play a part in improving healthcare administration. Substantiate with facts and examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to harness AI in healthcare.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world..

7. Explain the application of Kant’s Categorical Imperative to self-development of civil servants.  (150 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a simple elaboration on Kant’s Categorical Imperative.

Body:

Write about the application of CI to self-development of civil servants – A civil servant may have talent which with the help of some culture might make him a useful man in many respects. But he finds himself in comfortable circumstances and prefers to indulge in pleasure rather than to take pains in enlarging and improving his happy natural capacities. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.


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