Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.
2. Throw light on the importance of monsoon for India and account for variations in Indian monsoon year after year. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Reference: Insights on India
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about importance of monsoon for India and causes for its variation.
Structure of the answer:
Start by introducing Indian monsoon and its importance briefly.
First, write in detail about the overall importance of Indian monsoon.
Start by briefly mentioning about mechanism of the monsoon and the reasons for fluctuations in Indian monsoon according to the seasons. Divide the answer in to various months and how monsoon varies with it. Use a diagram to explain it more systematically. Do include the Western Disturbances, Somali Jet Streams, Easterly Jet streams etc, climate change. Write about its impact.
Conclude with a way forward to deal with excess and well as deficit of monsoonal rain.