GS paper 2
Syllabus: Parliament-Structure, functioning and conduct of Business, Family Courts Act etc
Direction: UPSC may ask about appointment of judge in family court and provisions of Family courts Act etc
- The Rajya Sabha on Thursday passed the Family Courts (Amendment) Bill, 2022 by voice vote.
- The Bill makes a provision to grant statutory cover to family courts set up in Himachal Pradesh and Nagaland.
- Sub-section 3 of section 1: The Bill seeks to insert a provision in sub-section 3 of section 1 to provide for the establishment of family courts in Himachal Pradesh with effect from February 15, 2019 and in Nagaland with effect from September 12, 2008.
- Section 3A: It also seeks to insert a new section 3A to retrospectively validate all actions under the act taken by the governments of Himachal Pradesh and Nagaland and the family courts of these states.
- Retrospective effect: The establishment of Family Courts in both states will be retrospectively valid from these dates.
- All actions taken under the Act in both the states, including the appointment of judges and orders and judgments passed by the Family Courts, will also be deemed to be valid from these dates retrospectively.
Q. The Central Administrative Tribunal which was established for redressal of grievances and complaints by or against central government employees, nowadays is exercising its powers as an independent judicial authority.” Explain(UPSC 2019)