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[MISSION 2023] SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 05 August 2022

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

1. Compare and contrast Himalayan drainage system and the Peninsular drainage system of the Indian subcontinent. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference:  Insights on India , Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about differences between Himalayan drainage system and the Peninsular drainage system as well as its similarities.

Directive word: 

Compare and contrast – provide for a detailed comparison of the two types, their features that are similar as well as different. One must provide for detailed assessment of the two.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a brief about the drainage system of India.

Body:

First, write the differences between the both on the basis of evolution, nature, type of flow etc.

Next, explain some similarities between both the river systems.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

2. Throw light on the importance of monsoon for India and account for variations in Indian monsoon year after year. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference:  Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about importance of monsoon for India and causes for its variation.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by introducing Indian monsoon and its importance briefly.

Body:

First, write in detail about the overall importance of Indian monsoon.

Start by briefly mentioning about mechanism of the monsoon and the reasons for fluctuations in Indian monsoon according to the seasons. Divide the answer in to various months and how monsoon varies with it. Use a diagram to explain it more systematically. Do include the Western Disturbances, Somali Jet Streams, Easterly Jet streams etc, climate change. Write about its impact.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to deal with excess and well as deficit of monsoonal rain.

 

Topic: Social empowerment

3. Breaking myths and stereotypes around Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) is crucial to achieve the UN’s Sustainable Development Goal 5 (gender equality) and to accelerate technology-led economic growth and development. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

While women make up about 47% of the total workforce, they are statistically under-represented in STEM, with less than 30% of the world’s researchers being women.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the ways to empower women in STEM and improve their participation.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start the answer by citing the status of gender equality in STEM in India.

Body:

Discuss the status of women in Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics (STEM) fields. About 43% of STEM graduates in India may be women, which is the highest in the world, but women’s share in STEM jobs in India is a mere 14%.

Most of the women STEM graduates in India either pursue another career or do not work at all. Women across the world face the ‘leaky pipeline’ problem in STEM fields.

Suggest some measures to improve women’s participation in STEM fields. Discuss the efforts of the government in this direction. Talk about policy measures in force.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4. Examine the implications of the withdrawal of Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019. Do you think its withdrawal is justified? Critically comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

On Wednesday, the Minister for the Ministry of Electronics and IT (MEITY), Ashwini Vaishnaw, withdrew the Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019. The reasons for the withdrawal were circulated in a note to MPs, which stated that, “considering the report of the JPC (Joint Parliamentary Committee), a comprehensive legal framework is being worked upon…”.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the impact of withdrawal of data protection bill and to comment on its withdrawal.

Directive word: 

Critically comment – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘comment’ is prefixed, we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving the aims and objectives of Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019

Body:

First, in brief, highlight the major features of Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019

Next, write about the implications of its withdrawal – on the rights of people, on tech companies, privacy aspect etc.

Next, write about if the withdrawal is justified – cite examples and statistics to substantiate your views.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward in order to have robust data protection law in India.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. The small and medium enterprises (SME) sector is expected to be the driving force for the Indian economy in the years ahead. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

The small and medium enterprises (SME) sector is expected is expected to contribute $2 trillion and create 50 million additional jobs by 2024, as India aims to become a $5 trillion economy.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of SME sector to the Indian economy and ways to harness it.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving factual status of proportion of SME vis-à-vis the population dependent on it also adding the dimension of the demographic demand of India.

Body:

First, elaborate upon the importance of SMEs in socio-economic development of the country. GDP growth, Job creation, exports and entrepreneurship etc.

Next, Mention about the challenges of the SMEs such as skilling, linkage with the e commerce industries, upgrading of marketing skills and meeting new market needs. Mention the steps that are needed to address the above issues.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

6. Examine the prospects and scope of ocean thermal energy as source of clean energy as well supplement to India’s energy security. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Down to Earth

Why the question:

The National Institute of Ocean Technology, an autonomous institute under the Union Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) is establishing an Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion plant with a capacity of 65 kilowatt (kW) in Kavaratti, the capital of Lakshadweep.

Key Demand of the question:

To write scope of ocean thermal energy for clean energy and energy security purposes.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining ocean thermal energy.

Body:

First, in brief, write about the mechanism of ocean thermal energy.

Next, write about the scope and prospects of ocean thermal energy along India’s vast coast line. Mention the enabling factors as well as limiting factors with respect.

Next, write about it as a source of clean energy as well as an additional supplement to India’s energy security.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to holistically harness it.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Case Study

7. You’re a HR responsible for hiring content writers for a project. Binod is one such applicant who has applied for the job. He has cleared all the earlier rounds and during HR round you come to know that he has financial difficulties and is in dire need of the job. As he met all technical qualifications and his attitude seemed to be fine, you hire him with a probationary period of 6 months. Post 6 months, based on his performance he would be made permanent.

Few weeks into his job, you get adverse reports from his team lead about his performance. When you talk to him, he informs you that he is unable to balance personal and professional life. His personal problems are affecting his work performance. You counsel him and guide him to the best of your abilities but in a few weeks the same problems continue. The team lead requests you to consider terminating his employment as he has been given enough chances to improve. But ultimately it is your call. What will be your course of action in this scenario?

Difficulty level: Moderate

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In brief, mention the facts of the case

Body:

Give the major ethical issues involved along with the stakeholders. Write about the course of action that you will take with respect to Binod. Evaluate its pros and cons of the course of action.

Conclusion:

Stress on the importance of balancing empathy with efficiency.


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