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Examine the prospects and scope of ocean thermal energy as source of clean energy as well supplement to India’s energy security.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

6. Examine the prospects and scope of ocean thermal energy as source of clean energy as well supplement to India’s energy security. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Down to Earth

Why the question:

The National Institute of Ocean Technology, an autonomous institute under the Union Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) is establishing an Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion plant with a capacity of 65 kilowatt (kW) in Kavaratti, the capital of Lakshadweep.

Key Demand of the question:

To write scope of ocean thermal energy for clean energy and energy security purposes.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining ocean thermal energy.

Body:

First, in brief, write about the mechanism of ocean thermal energy.

Next, write about the scope and prospects of ocean thermal energy along India’s vast coast line. Mention the enabling factors as well as limiting factors with respect.

Next, write about it as a source of clean energy as well as an additional supplement to India’s energy security.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to holistically harness it.