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Public private partnership (PPP) model in healthcare system will pool in the expertise and finances of the private sector with the access and subsidies of the public sector. Is PPP in healthcare the panacea for India’s healthcare woes? Critically analyse.

Topic: Investment models.

6. Public private partnership (PPP) model in healthcare system will pool in the expertise and finances of the private sector with the access and subsidies of the public sector. Is PPP in healthcare the panacea for India’s healthcare woes? Critically analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Live MintInsights on India

Why the question:

The covid pandemic has reminded us of the private sector’s disruptive potential for serving public health goals. However, in the past, central and state governments have strived to engage with the private sector in different disease areas. There are also several examples in maternal health; the Chiranjeevi Yojana programme in Gujarat, for instance, which was envisioned to increase institutional deliveries by working with private providers, reduced maternal mortality rates by more than half.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the benefits that a PPP model in health can offer for improving health outcomes in the country.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of growth of PPP model for health.

Body:

In the first part, write about the features and working of the PPP model in health. Cite examples to substantiate.

Next, write about the potential advantages that the PPP model can offer in this regard.

Next, write about the shortcomings of the above model in health and hindrances towards adopting it.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward to make the best use of PPP model.