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Education in the mother tongue is a key factor for inclusion and quality learning, and it also improves learning outcomes and academic performance. Elaborate.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

4. Education in the mother tongue is a key factor for inclusion and quality learning, and it also improves learning outcomes and academic performance. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The call by Home Minister Amit Shah last week for engineering, law and medicine to be taught in Indian languages is a well-intentioned one. His stand is in sync with one of the focal points of the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020, i.e., the promotion of Indian languages in higher education.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain in detail how multi-lingual approach especially Mother tongue is critically important for cognitive, psychological and personality development, education and learning.

Structure of the answer:

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with importance of language in general.

Body:

Discuss the significance of mother tongue in personality development. Present the issues due to lack of emphasis on mother tongue such as – Difficult learning: Incomplete first language skills often make learning other languages more difficult. Cognitive conflict: when a child finds a discrepancy between what he thinks the world should be and what he finds it as, emanating from forced situation of learning in a second language etc. Mention about NEP 2020 stand in this regard.

Next, write about the limitations of multi-lingual approach – lack of proficiency in English, opportunity costs, competition etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.