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Explain the various factors that are responsible for varying vertical and latitudinal distribution of temperature of the oceans.

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

2. Explain the various factors that are responsible for varying vertical and latitudinal distribution of temperature of the oceans. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the vertical and latitudinal distribution of temperature in ocean waters along with factors responsible for such a distribution.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by mentioning that temperature varies across the oceans of the world.

Body:

Write about the factors responsible – The study of temperature of the oceans is important for studying the movement of large volumes of water, distribution of marine organisms, other properties such as salinity. This distribution pattern of temperature of ocean water can be studied through two ways – vertical and latitudinal distribution.

Enumerate the factors responsible for the above distribution. Use appropriate examples wherever necessary

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.