Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 28 July 2022

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

 

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

MISSION – 2023: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

Join IPM 4.0 to get an assured review of 2 secure answers everyday

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

1. Explain the factors leading to the development of pressures belts across the globe.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about factors affecting horizontal movement of air, causes behind pressure belts and their distribution.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define pressures belts.

Body:

First, draw a neat labelled diagram showing the global distribution of various pressure belts and explain each belt in detail.

Next, explain the factors that lead to the development of pressures belts – Atmospheric Pressure Gradient, Coriolis Effect, Frictional Force etc, Earth’s revolution, Seasonal variations.

Conclusion:

Write about the significance of pressure belts.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

2. The Constitution of India is a document of compassion and understanding. It is the negation of hate in black and white. It is a unifying force. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

Recently the Chief Justice of India (CJI) lamented the lack of adequate space for the opposition in the nation’s political scenario. He also expressed concern over the lack of democratic discourse in Parliament. Though on the face of it the observations would appear to be political, they are essentially constitutional concerns.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the spirit of fraternity, inclusiveness and unity in the Indian constitution.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin your answer by writing about broad features of fraternity, inclusiveness and unity in the Indian constitution.

Body:

First, write about how the above spirit features of fraternity, inclusiveness and unity in the Indian constitution is manifested in the preamble, fundamental rights, DPSPs and other ways etc.

Next, write about how to maintain the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein

3. A number of constraints and challenges both in federal as well fiscal system are part of the problems that must be solved in order to achieve effective fiscal federalism in the country. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Even the increased share of devolution, mooted by the Fourteenth Finance Commission, from 32% to 42%, was subverted by raising non-divisive cess and surcharges that go directly into the Union kitty. This non-divisive pool in the Centre’s gross tax revenues shot up to 15.7% in 2020 from 9.43% in 2012, shrinking the divisible pool of resources for transfers to States.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the various issues regarding fiscal federalism in India and measures needed to rectify it.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining fiscal federalism in India.

Body:

First, give a brief about the development of fiscal federalism in India since independence.

Next, write about the various issues with respect to fiscal federalism in India – opacity, GST issues, FRBMA, impact of the pandemic etc.

Next, write about the measures needed to rectify the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

4. What is blue economy? How can it be equitably and sustainably harnessed as a lever for economic growth? Present India’s strengths and weaknesses in this regard. 250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to EarthInsights on India

Why the question:

Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Science & Technology, Jitendra Singh has said that the Union Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) is finalising a National Policy on the blue economy for the country.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the potential of blue economy and India’s strengths and weaknesses in this regard.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by defining blue economy and its components.

Body:

Frist, write about the importance of Blue Economy; Contribute to food security, poverty alleviation, Mitigation and resilience to the impacts of climate change, Enhanced trade and investment, Enhanced maritime connectivity. Explain these points in detail.

Next, write ways of harnessing blue economy in India.

Next, write India’s strengths and weaknesses in harnessing blue economy in India.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. As India stares at a grave water crisis, urgent interventions and measures are needed with a special focus on sustainable water management to prevent acute water scarcity. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express , Insights on India

Why the question:

A disastrous water crisis has been creeping up on us for years. Water tables have declined precipitously, even by thousands of feet in some parts of Punjab, Haryana and Andhra Pradesh. This calls for urgent intervention.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about urgent and immediate measures need to mitigate the water crisis in India.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving the status of water stress in India. Mention facts from NITI Aayog reports of 2018.

Body:

First, you can draw a bubble diagram showing activities that are the major consumers of surface and ground water in India.

Next, Mention the urgent steps that are needed to make sustainable water practises in agriculture more mainstreamed. cropping pattern shifts, water-saving seed varieties, regulation of groundwater usage, rejuvenation of catchment areas, participatory and bottom-up systems led by farmer producer organizations at conservation etc.

Write about the other steps that are required to tide over the crisis. Innovative solutions, mission mode management, aquifer recharge, rainwater harvesting and technology to monitor progress, community participation and rejuvenating existing water bodies etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: basics of cyber security;

6. Consumers, businesses and governments are finding new ways to use cryptocurrency, but a recent string of cyber-attacks has highlighted security risks and shortcomings associated with crypto. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

Cryptojacking’ attacks on computer systems have gone up by 30% to 66.7 million in the first half of 2022 compared to the first half of last year, according to a report by SonicWall, a US-based cybersecurity firm.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the cyber security issues associated with crytpo currency and ways to tackle them.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context regarding the growth of crypto.

Body:

First, elaborate about the manner and ways vishing affects the cybersecurity of crypto currency. Cite examples to substantiate. Write about its impact.

Next, write about the measures that are needed to prevent these attacks in the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships.

7. Analyse the ethical issues associated with enforcing a blanket bank on the consumption of liquor. Is a total ban justified? (150 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the ethical issues in banning liquor.

Directive:

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by giving the rationale behind blanket ban on liquor.

Body:

Write about the various ethical issues in the ban on liquor – enforcing morality, preventing crimes, saving lives etc.

Next, analyse the pros and cons of a total ban on liquor.

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving your view regarding the justification on the total ban on liquor.


Join our Official Telegram Channel HERE for Motivation and Fast Updates

Subscribe to our YouTube Channel HERE to watch Motivational and New

Join our Twitter Channel HERE 

Follow our Instagram Channel HERE