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Mathematics on the Indian subcontinent has a rich history going back over 3,000 years and thrived for centuries as Indian mathematicians made seminal contributions to the study of trigonometry, algebra, arithmetic and negative numbers among other areas. Elaborate.

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

3. Mathematics on the Indian subcontinent has a rich history going back over 3,000 years and thrived for centuries as Indian mathematicians made seminal contributions to the study of trigonometry, algebra, arithmetic and negative numbers among other areas. Elaborate. (250 words).

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

A paper by the Karnataka government on the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020, uploaded recently, has revived discussion on something that has long been known to historians of mathematics — that what we call the Pythagoras theorem was already known to Indians from the Vedic times.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the contributions of ancient Indian mathematicians.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving rich heritage of mathematics in India since ancient time.

Body:

First, elaborate upon the contributions of ancient Indian mathematicians – The number system, The concept of zero, Solutions of quadratic equations, Rules for negative numbers, Pythagoras theorem, Pi etc.

Next, write about the significance of above.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.