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States should work with the Centre to reduce uncertainties for migrant workers. While bare necessities could be a starting point, but their contours should be widened to create a safety net of social security. Examine.

Topic: population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

3. States should work with the Centre to reduce uncertainties for migrant workers. While bare necessities could be a starting point, but their contours should be widened to create a safety net of social security. Examine. (250 words).

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

The recently released Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) 2020-21 shows that 20.8% of total male migration in the country was from urban to rural areas in 2020-21. The 2011 census had found that proportion to be merely 8% back then.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the need to have social security for migrant workers based on inter-state coordination.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving statistic regarding migration in India.

Body:

First, elaborate upon the issues faced by migrant workers – Distress migration: due to non-existent social security and unilateral decisions. Loss of livelihoods, Paradox of hunger despite having plenty, Devastating impact on women and children’s nutrition etc. Account the reasons for the same.

Next, discuss the policies and initiatives of the government in this direction to have a social security and inter-state coordination.

Next, suggest what needs to be done further to alleviate the issues of migrant workers.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.