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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 19 July 2022

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

1. Discuss the major technological, socioeconomic, and cultural features that defined the Industrial Revolution in England. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the major features of first Industrial Revolution.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by defining Industrial Revolution of 18th century.

Body:

First, write about the major technological features of the Industrial Revolution – inventions and innovations, major changes introduced etc.

Next, write about the major socio-economic features of the Industrial Revolution – entrepreneurship, banking, changes to social structures etc.

Next, write about the major cultural changes witnessed because of the revolution.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

2. The most significant cause of the first world war was the system of secret alliances. These alliances slowly divided Europe into mutually hostile rival armed camps which confronted each other in the first world war. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role of secret alliances in the outbreak of world war-I.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by briefly mentioning the origins of secret alliances in Europe led by Bismarck.

Body:

First, write about the alliances as the handiwork of Bismarck, who tried to build a network of such alliances against Germany’s enemies after the Franco-Prussian War of 1870. The system of alliances, as you can guess, helped on some occasions in preserving peace, in as much as the members within one group often held their friends or allies in restraint from provoking war. But it also made it inevitable that if a war did come, it would involve all the great powers of Europe.

Next, write about the other factors responsible for the outbreak of the war.

Conclusion:

Conclude by highlighting the role of secret alliances in the beginning of world war-I.

 

Topic: population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

3. States should work with the Centre to reduce uncertainties for migrant workers. While bare necessities could be a starting point, but their contours should be widened to create a safety net of social security. Examine. (250 words).

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

The recently released Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) 2020-21 shows that 20.8% of total male migration in the country was from urban to rural areas in 2020-21. The 2011 census had found that proportion to be merely 8% back then.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the need to have social security for migrant workers based on inter-state coordination.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving statistic regarding migration in India.

Body:

First, elaborate upon the issues faced by migrant workers – Distress migration: due to non-existent social security and unilateral decisions. Loss of livelihoods, Paradox of hunger despite having plenty, Devastating impact on women and children’s nutrition etc. Account the reasons for the same.

Next, discuss the policies and initiatives of the government in this direction to have a social security and inter-state coordination.

Next, suggest what needs to be done further to alleviate the issues of migrant workers.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

4. The values that steer India’s development cooperation — demand driven, conditionality free and based on the principle of partnership among equals — are appreciated in Africa. In this regard, critically analyse the opportunities that African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) can offer in longstanding India-Africa economic partnership. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

The African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) is significant in this regard, as it provides a wide scope to create the largest free trade area in the world, by geography, with a lot of countries actively taking part in it. The AfCFTA provides a window of opportunity to lift 30 million people out of extreme poverty, though it requires conducive policies to realize its true potential.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role of AfCFTA in furthering Indo-African relations.

Directive word: 

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context regarding the formation of AfCFTA.

Body:

First, in brief, give the various efforts at cooperation between India and Africa and various strengths for India in this region.

Next, write about Africa in the 21st century, Africa has transformed from a lost continent to a continent of hope. Subsequently, in recent years, Africa occupies a central place in the Indian government’s foreign and economic policy.

Next, write about opportunities that AfCFTA will provide for India and Africa. Mention some of its limitations.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

5. Inclusive growth, or rather the lack of it, has become a recurring theme in political discourses. Political economy forces on the demand and supply side have weakened redistribution over time and contributed to a new wave of populism. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

In a span of four days, Prime Minister Narendra Modi questioned twice the practice of politicians making mindless promises of ever profligate schemes in pursuit of votes, and termed it a dangerous trend.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the inclusive growth, various impediments to it ad how populism affects inclusive growth.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining inclusive growth.

Body:

In the first part, write about the discourse of inclusive growth and various impediments to inclusive growth in the country.

Next, write about populism, the ideology behind and how it affects inclusive growth ambitions. Substantiate with facts and examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward to overcome impediments to inclusive growth posed by populism.

 

Topic: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices;

6. Examine the various issues that which prevent Minimum support price (MSP) from becoming a mechanism of income support for the farmers. Do you think a legal guarantee for MSP can serve as a panacea for the above issues? (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to EarthInsights on India

Why the question:

A 29-member committee will look into providing legal guarantee for minimum support price (MSP) for agricultural produce, the Narendra Modi government announced July 18

Key Demand of the question:

To write about tory the various issues in the MSP regime and how a statutory backing can help solve the issues.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by writing about MSP, its aims and objectives.

Body:

Next, mention the limitations associated with MSP. Non-realisation of Price, Lack of procurement, only beneficial for selected crops, Lack of quality control and payment immediacy etc.

Next, write about legal guarantee for MSP and how it can help overcome the above issues.

Next, write about the systemic measures that are needed for farmers to get remunerative prices. Increasing procurement efficacy, increasing awareness level of farmer and considering price deficiency payments etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

7. Why is emotional intelligence important for a civil servant? Elaborate with examples. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Conceptual Tuesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of EI in a civil servant.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by defining emotional intelligence (EI).

Body:

Write about the importance of EI for civil servants and how it can help a officer make and take decisions effective and empathetically. Use examples to substantiate your points,

Conclusion:

Complete by summarising.


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