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In 1975, the national emergency provisions were used for political reasons and this presented a grave challenge for Indian democracy as well as key lessons for it. Elaborate.

Topic: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

1. In 1975, the national emergency provisions were used for political reasons and this presented a grave challenge for Indian democracy as well as key lessons for it. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: India since Independence by Bipan Chandra.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the nature of emergency in 1975 and challenges it posed and lessons learnt from it.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Narrate briefly the historical background and situation of emergency imposed in 1975.

Body:

Body:

In first part, write about the challenges posed by internal emergency which was proclaimed by then congress government including suspension of fundamental rights is considered one of the most traumatic periods for the fledgling democracy.

Next, write about the key lessons learnt and changes introduced due it – This time period is also seen as the coming of the age of the Indian democracy. But, later the Indian parliament passed amendments to the constitution, the 44th amendment, to ensure that the future governments will not find it easy to impose another emergency in the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.