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Shimla Agreement

GS Paper 1

Syllabus: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.



The Shimla Agreement, completed 50 years, Signed after the Indo-Pakistan War that ended on December 16, 1971, following the Liberation of Bangladesh is considered a landmark agreement as it laid the blueprint for good neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan.

Principles of Shimla agreement

  • Relations were to be governed by the principles and purposes of the UN Charter
  • Cooperative relationshipwith a special focus on people-to-people contacts.
  • To uphold the inviolability of the Line of Controlin Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Prevent hostile propagandaagainst each other and resolve issues through peaceful means and bilateral negotiations
  • Refrain from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of each other.
  • Peacefully, respecting each other’s sovereignty, and territorial integrity, and not interfering in each other’s internal affairs.


 Insta Links:

Simla Agreement


Practice Question:

  1. India’s fiasco to convert its victory in the 1971 war into a long-lasting peace in the region via the Shimla Agreement of 1972 is a case of missed opportunity. Examine. (250 words)

Source: The Hindustan Times