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[MISSION 2023] SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 1 July 2022

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

1. In the backdrop of smart cities mission, can it address the contemporary and future needs of India’s urbanization? Critically analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Insights on IndiaInsights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the ability of smart city missions to address urbanisation related issues in India.

Directive word:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving aims and objectives of smart city mission.

Body:

First, enumerate the major urbanisation issues which are prevalent in India and needs addressing.

Next, write about the how smart cities mission can be able to address the above-mentioned issues. Cite statistic and examples.

Ext, mention the limitations of smart cities mission in addressing the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way froward.

 

Topic: poverty and developmental issues

2. What are the reasons for high rate of poverty in India? How does it affect India’s developmental ambitions? What measures are needed to completely alleviate poverty in the country? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on IndiaInsights on India

 Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the reasons for poverty, its impact and measures needed to end it.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by giving rate of poverty by citing a statistic.

Body:

First, write about the reasons as to why despite poverty alleviation measures poverty is at a higher rate in India.

Next, write about how high rate of poverty impacts our developmental ambitions.

Next, write measures that are needed to alleviate poverty.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure,

3. Do you think that the Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime has adversely impacted the centre-state relationship, undermining the principles of cooperative federalism? Critically examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Live Mint ,  The Print

Why the question:

Today, 1 July 2022, marks five years since India’s introduction of the goods and services tax (GST).

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the impact of GST on center-state relations and cooperative federalism.

Directive word:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving as to how GST was aimed at promoting harmonious fiscal relationship between centre and sate.

Body:

First, write about the various issues that have caused disagreements between centre-states regarding GST and thereby negatively impacting cooperative federalism.

Next, write about despite its initial hiccups, how GST has contributed to growth of cooperative federalism. Substantiate with statistics.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a balanced opinion.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

4. Service sector has undergone a great evolution which in turn has given it the independent status of the productive sector of the country. It can play a vital part in India achieving the goal of five trillion-dollar economy. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

India’s aspiration to become a $5-trillion economy is predicated on the growth of its international trade to $2 trillion by 2030, equally contributed to by merchandise and services.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of service sector and its role in India achieving the goal of 5 trillion-dollar economy.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with brief background of the context of the question.

Body:

In the first part, explain that the service sector in India has played a critical role in helping it deal with the Covid-19 crisis. Had it not been for digital platforms, (hundreds were created overnight by both large and small Indian IT companies), school and college students would not have been able to attend classes and continue with their education.

Next, write about how service sector is vital to India’s goal of five trillion-dollar economy. And measures needed in this regard to further leverage it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. Th Electronic waste, or e-waste, is one of the fastest-growing waste streams worldwide. Discuss the measures that are needed for safe disposal of e-wate in the country. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to EarthInsights on India

Why the question:

India’s share in global hardware electronics production is about 3 per cent. The share of domestic electronics production in India’s gross domestic product is 2.3 per cent.

Key Demand of the question: 

To mention the cause for the exponential growth of e waste across the world and effective measures to check it.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving few facts regarding the rising number of e waste production every year.

Body:

Firstly, highlight the various factors leading to high amount of e waste generation such as low product life cycle, technology getting redundant very quickly, low opportunities for repairs and recycles etc and impact of this on developing countries like India wand environment.

Next, suggest various measures to control and minimise the cause of e waste production, highlight some of the provisions of e waste management rules,2016 and also the benefits of recycling e waste.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stressing on the need for a quick and effective approach by the government highlighting the fact that recycling is a great way to extract precious metals and also curb burning of hazardous materials in the landfills.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance;

6. Do you think that the brand ambassadors of products should be held accountable for misleading advertisements and endorsements? Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

On June 9, 2022, the Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA) notified guidelines for ‘Prevention of Misleading Advertisements and Endorsements for Misleading Advertisements, 2022’.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the ethical issues in brand endorsements and accountability of the person who endorses it.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, wite about the various negative impact of endorsement of socially harmful products by celebrities. Cite examples to substantiate.

Next, write about the extent of accountability of the person endorsing the product.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a balanced opinion.

 

Topic: Case Study

7. An elevated corridor is being constructed to reduce traffic congestion in the capital of a particular state. You have been selected as project manager of this prestigious project on your professional competence and experience. The deadline is to complete the project in the next two years by 30 June 2021, since the project is to be inaugurated by the Chief Minister before the elections are announced in the second week of July 2021. While carrying out the surprise inspection by the inspecting team, a minor crack was noticed in one of the piers of the elevated corridor possibly due to poor material used. You immediately informed the chief engineer and stopped further work. It was assessed by you that a minimum of three piers of the elevated corridor have to be demolished and reconstructed. But this process will delay the project minimum by four to six months. But the chief engineer overruled the observation of the inspecting team on the ground that it was a minor crack that will not in any way impact the strength and durability of the bridge. He ordered you to overlook the observation of the inspecting team and continue working with the same speed and tempo. He informed you that the minister does not want any delay as he wants the Chief Minister to inaugurate the elevated corridor before the elections are declared. Also informed you that the contractor is a far relative of the minister and he wants him to finish the project. He also gave you a hint that your further promotion as an additional chief engineer is under consideration by the ministry. However, you strongly felt that the minor crack in the pier in the elevated corridor will adversely affect the health and life of the bridge and therefore it will be very dangerous not to repair the elevated corridor.  (250 words) (UPSC 2021)

a) Under the given conditions, what are the options available to you as a project manager?

b) What are the ethical dilemmas being faced by the project manager and his response to overcome such challenges?

c) What are the professional challenges likely to be faced by the project manager and his response to overcome such challenges?

d) What can be the consequences of overlooking the observation raised by the inspecting team?

Difficulty level: Moderate

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In brief, mention the facts of the case

Body:

Give the major ethical issues involved along with the stakeholders.

Write the various alternatives which you can take as the course of action. Evaluate their pros and cons.

Select the best alternative which solves the issue and is ethically justified. Give solutions for any cons that arise from the possible solution.

Conclusion:

Stress on the importance of fortitude in such cases.


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