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[MISSION 2023] SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 30 June 2022

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. As a source of identity, cultural heritage is a valuable factor for empowering local communities and enabling vulnerable groups to participate fully in social and cultural life. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of cultural heritage.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining cultural heritage.

Body:

Write about the importance of heritage in empowering local communities – livelihood provision, skill enhancement, social security etc. Substantiate with examples.

Next, write about the other ways cultural heritage is important.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. An artistic movement of great importance flourished under the aegis of the Pallava rulers of Kanchi and they are credited with having building some of the outstanding temples and sculptures. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

A demand has been raised to declared Kanchipuram as an UNESCO world heritage site.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the transformation in Pallava architecture from rock cut to stone built temples.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning how Pallavas laid the foundation of south Indian architecture.

Body:

Discuss about the four stages of temple development and explain how they evolved from rock cut structure to stone built temples. Mention the major features of early stages of Dravidian architecture under Pallavas. Highlight along with examples.

Next, write about development of sculpture along with examples under Pallavas.

Conclusion:

Conclude by commenting on the pioneer nature of Pallavan contributions to Indian art and architecture.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

3. Traditionally dominated by the trade, energy and Diaspora ties, the India-UAE relationship has been growing substantially in the security arena. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to the UAE on June 28 was his fourth, having visited the country earlier in August 2015, in February 2018 and again in August 2019.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the growing India-UAE relations in aspects of trade, energy, diaspora as well as security.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of growing India-UAE relations in the past.

Body:

In the first part, in brief, giving an account of tries between India-U.A.E till recent times. (You can make use of a flow chart for better presentation).

Next, describe the trade relations – FTA– how it will benefit both India and U.A.E in terms of trade, investments, technology, infrastructure, diaspora and cultural contacts etc.

Next, write about the relations in relation with energy and diaspora.

Next, write about the growing relations in terms of security.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward for realisation of a long and stable partnership.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

4. Can the complete privatization of state-owned banks be the panacea to all the aliments that affect the public sector banks (PSBs)? Critically analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live MintInsights on India

Why the question:

A clamour for complete privatization of state-owned banks seems to have arisen in policy corridors once again. This is not a new demand; discussions about the government liquidating its entire shareholding in public sector banks (PSBs) have taken place many times in the past, without any specific policy objectives spelt out.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about pros and cons of the complete privatisation of public sector banks (PSBs).

Directive word: 

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by stating objectives of privatisation.

Body:

First, write about the positive role played by public banks in the Indian economy.

Next, write about the various issues plaguing the state-owned banks in India. Cite statistics to substantiate.

Next, write about positives of complete privatisation of state-owned banks.

Next, write about the negatives of complete privatisation of state-owned banks.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a balanced opinion for way ahead.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. What are Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES)? Evaluate the feasibility of PES projects in India for conserving and sustainable use of bio-diversity. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Incentives for biodiversity protection and sustainable use include biodiversity-relevant taxes, fees, levies, tradeable permits, and Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES).

Key Demand of the question:

To write about PES, its role in conserving biodiversity and its feasibility in India.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining PES.

Body:

First, write about the various components of PES which ensures conservation of biodiversity.

Next, write about the feasibility of PES in India – its pros and cons with respect to India socio-political set up.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships.

6. According to you, which are the five traits/vices that must not be present in a civil servant as they hamper ones ethical and professional competence. How can one avoid or eliminate them? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning how negative traits and vices can hamper ethical and professional competence.

Body:

First, write which five negative traits and vices should not be present in a civil servant and how they hamper ethical and professional competence of civil servants.

Next, write about the ways to avoid or eliminate them.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of having positive values.

 

Topic: Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion

7. In the era of competition and commercialisation, it is a herculean task to sustain as a leader who stays true to their ethics. Analyse. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To understand the various roles and responsibilities of a leader and the importance of ethics in their work domain

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining what is leadership along with few traits of a good leader.

Body:

Highlight the need for an ethical leader in the present context of rising scams and blind race against mere monetary gains of businesses. Give few examples highlighting cases of leadership with and without ethics and its impact on the organisation as well as the society.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising the above points highlighting the need for ethical leadership


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