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[MISSION 2023] SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 29 June 2022

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. Nurtured for centuries, classical dances in India have evolved in different parts of the country, in their own distinct style taking on the culture of that particular region, each acquiring its own flavour. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the various features and evolution of various classical dances in India.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain that dance has always been considered ad a complete art and has had a close association with god and worship. The earliest examples of dance in India can be traced back to the dancing pictures in Bhimbetka caves and the bronze statue of a dancing girl in Mohenjodaro.

Body:

First, enumerate the list of 8 classical dances on India and the major region they are practised.

Next, mention the evolution of classical dances over the years and how each classical dance show cultural aspects of that regions and are distinct from one another. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. The present Indian music has grown and evolved from ancient times and was more or less uniform before the 13th century. Later it bifurcated into the two musical systems – Hindustani and Carnatic. Compare and contrast both systems. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the evolution of music and compare Hindustani and Carnatic music.

Directive word: 

Compare and contrast – provide for a detailed comparison of the two types, their features that are similar as well as different. One must provide for detailed assessment of the two.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief introduction about Indian music. One can state facts, historical genesis of Indian music.

Body:

First, Hindustani and Carnatic music are the two main sub-genres of Indian classical music. While Hindustani music originated in the Vedic period, Carnatic music originated during the Bhakti Movement. Give the detailed differences between the two.

Next, Highlight similarities between Hindustani classical and Carnatic music.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

3. The pandemic has worsened the fiscal positions of State governments. Critically analyse the performance of Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act (FRBMA), 2003 in ensuring that debt targets of states remain under sustainable levels. What changes do you suggest in this regard? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

A decline in revenue and an increase in spending has led to a sharp rise in debt among States with a higher dependence on Central transfers

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the increasing fiscal deficit of the state, its impact and performance of FRMBA in this regard and changes needed to it.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about the aims and objectives of FRBMA.

 Body:

First, write about the impact of the pandemic on fiscal discipline of the states and the impact of a growing deficit.

Next, write about the performance of FRBMA since its inception especially during phases of low economic growth and volatility in global economy. Mention the pros and cons of its performance. Also, mention the various changes made to the act.

Next, write about the changes needed to the act as India recovers from the impact of the pandemic.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

4. In order to make Digital India project inclusive, the need of the hour is to unlock the full potential of India’s optical fibre industry, while achieving atmanirbharta in its 5G journey. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question: 

5G technology is going to make inroads into the country very soon. Top smartphone manufacturers in India have already released phones with 5G capability.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about making digital India inclusive through optical fibre and 5G networks.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by stating objectives of Digital India mission.

Body:

First, mention the various limitations of digital India with respect to its accessibility and inclusivity.

Next, discuss the role optical fibre can in this regard in enhancing reach of the digital services across India.

Next, write about role of 5G in this regard and steps that are needed to make itself atmanirbhar in this regard,

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: basics of cyber security;

5. What is a spyware? What are the problems caused by spywares? Suggest various precautions that are needed to prevent malicious attacks by spywares. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

Hermit, a sophisticated spyware, is believed to have targeted iPhone and Android devices in Italy and Kazakhstan.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about spywares, issues created by it and measures to tackle it.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining spywares and cite examples.

Body:

First, write about the threats and problems posed by spywares – Data theft, Identity fraud, Device damage etc.

Next, write about the various precautions which can be taken various levels in order to prevent various attacks from spywares.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“We have to dare to be ourselves, however frightening or strange that self may prove to be.” ― May Sarton

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about the meaning of being ‘ourself’ and the various impediments and restrictions on being ourself – family, society and lack of belief. Write about the impact of the same and ways in which one can ‘themselves’. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“The soul becomes dyed with the colour of its thoughts.” ― Marcus Aurelius

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about the various manifestation of thoughts – how thought transform in to actions, actions to personality and personality to character. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.


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