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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 28 June 2022

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. Prehistoric art of India is very important because it gives us insight into the development of the human mind and ways. Elaborate (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of pre-historic rock art.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about the pre-historic period as a phase of human history.

Body:

First, mention the major sites where re historic rock art is found in India making the most easily available cultural data. Draw a map of sites for better presentation.

Next, write about significance of pre historic rock art and insights it gives us in to pre-history. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stressing on the need to preserve ancient rock art.

 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. Pala art is in a naturalistic style with a great attention to the ornamental detail and certain elegant virtuosity. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Insights on Indiaccrtindia.gov.in

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the various features of Pala school of art.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a brief about the origins of Pala school of art.

Body:

First, write about the detailed features of Pala school of art – Pala style was transmitted chiefly by means of bronze sculptures and palm-leaf paintings, celebrating the Buddha and other divinities.

Next, write about development of naturalistic style among Pala style and attention to detail. Elaborate with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

3. Urban areas are increasingly shaping water security as they grapple with the sustainable availability of water and navigate the barriers and options involved in protecting people and ecosystems against water-borne stresses and water-related hazards. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to EarthInsights on India

Why the question:

Tokyo, Shanghai and Delhi: Global cities, fast-paced and exciting, symbolic of the rise of the new Asian century. These cities are the three biggest in the world, engines of economic growth, producing billions in economic activity for their residents and the world. But they have a problem: There is not enough fresh water available per person for their daily needs.

Key Demand of the question:

To write water security in Urban areas, issues related to it and ways to ensure it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by citing statistic related to water stress in Urban areas.

 Body:

First, write the various issues associated with water scarcity in urban areas and its impact. Substantiate with facts and examples.

Next, write about the possible solutions to ensure water security in urban areas to overcome the above-mentioned issues.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

4. The Indo-Pacific construct has significantly enhanced the strategic salience of ASEAN. India’s Indo-Pacific strategy works in tandem with its Act East Policy. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express ,Insights on India

Why the question:

The recent India-Asean Foreign Ministers’ Meeting in New Delhi appeared on the geopolitical scene almost against the trend of events, with the high-profile focus on Europe at one end and on the Quad at the other. Yet, it was one of the most welcome events.

Key Demand of the question:

To understand the role of strategic partnership with ASEAN and its mutual benefits for both sides and its role in India’s Indo-Pacific strategy.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning the historic engagement of India-ASEAN relationship.

Body:

First, write about India’s of strategic partnership with ASEAN – bring out the importance of geographical proximity of the ASEAN countries and its strategic, security and economic implications to India. Also mention about the sociocultural dynamics, mobilisation of group level funds and promotion of domestic infrastructure projects based on few examples.

Next, write about the linkages between India’s Indo-Pacific strategy and Act East Policy.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that a good relation with ASEAN nations is crucial for India, in order for India to look beyond its neighbours, in its global diplomatic journey.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

5. With the emergence of technology-enabled gig work platforms, gig economy will be a major building block in inclusively achieving the $5 trillion economy goal, bridging the income and unemployment gap. Critically Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The government’s policy think tank Niti Aayog has recommended that measures should be taken to provide for social security, including paid leave, occupational disease and work accident insurance, support during irregularity of work and pension plans, for the gig workforce in the country, which is expected to grow to 2.35 crore by 2029-30.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role and limitations of gig economy in achieving 5 trillion dollars economy.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving the advent of gig work in the recent past and statistic related to it.

Body:

First, write how technology has resulted in furtherance of gig work and pandemic also played a part in it.

Next, write about the various benefits associated with gig work and its role in achieving 5 trillion-dollar economy – upgrading or augmenting skills, equipping modern tools for better efficiency, people at gig jobs can earn more, some becoming even micro-entrepreneurs.

Next, write about the various limitations and drawbacks associated with gig works.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to overcome the above drawbacks.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

6. What is objectivity? Discuss its importance in public service as well as in private life. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Conceptual Tuesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of objectivity in public service and priave life.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by defining objectivity.

Body:

Write about how Objectivity helps in taking decisions based upon established facts and figures, helps avoid personal opinion and bias and arrive at fair decision.

Cite suitable examples to substantiate your points in public service and private life.

Conclusion:

Complete the answer by stressing on its significance.

 

Topic:  accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance;

7. Government organisations suffer from opacity and inherent lack of information. What are ways to ensure transparency and accountability in government organisations?  (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Conceptual Tuesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about ways to build and maintain a culture of accountability in government organisations

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by defining transparency and accountability.

Body:

First. Write about how it transparency and accountability are not prioritised in government offices.

Next, with relevant examples elaborate on how an culture of accountability can be instilled – citizen charters, RTI, Reward & Recognition, Autonomy & Trust, Feedback & Coaching, communication etc.

Conclusion:

Complete the answer writing about the link between accountability and efficiency.


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